A lexical investigation of the lower-order structure of conscientiousness

Brent W Roberts, Tim Bogg, Kate E. Walton, Oleksandr S. Chernyshenko, Stephen E. Stark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A principal components analysis of lexically derived trait adjectives was performed to investigate the lower-order factor structure of conscientiousness (N = 1675). A solution with eight substantive components fit the data best and showed good reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity. The eight components were labeled reliability, orderliness, impulse control, decisiveness, punctuality, formalness, conventionality, and industriousness. The relevance of the structure to previous lexical research and existing personality inventories is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-178
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology


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