A Highly Stretchable and Washable All-Yarn-Based Self-Charging Knitting Power Textile Composed of Fiber Triboelectric Nanogenerators and Supercapacitors

Kai Dong, Yi-cheng Wang, Jianan Deng, Yejing Dai, Steven L. Zhang, Haiyang Zou, Bohong Gu, Baozhong Sun, Zhong Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rapid advancements in stretchable and multifunctional wearable electronics impose a challenge on corresponding power devices that they should have comparable portability and stretchability. Here, we report a highly stretchable and washable all-yarn-based self-charging knitting power textile that enables both biomechanical energy harvesting and simultaneously energy storing by hybridizing triboelectrical nanogenerator (TENG) and supercapacitor (SC) into one fabric. With the weft-knitting technique, the power textile is qualified with high elasticity, flexibility, and stretchability, which can adapt to complex mechanical deformations. The knitting TENG fabric is able to generate electric energy with a maximum instantaneous peak power density of ∼85 mW·m–2 and light up at least 124 light-emitting diodes. The all-solid-state symmetrical yarn SC exhibits lightweight, good capacitance, high flexibility, and excellent mechanical and long-term stability, which is suitable for wearable energy storage devices. The assembled knitting power textile is capable of sustainably driving wearable electronics (for example, a calculator or temperature–humidity meter) with energy converted from human motions. Our work provides more opportunities for stretchable multifunctional power sources and potential applications in wearable electronics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9490-9499
JournalACS Nano
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 26 2017

Keywords

  • all-yarn-based
  • highly stretchable
  • knitting textile
  • self-charging
  • supercapacitor
  • triboelectric nanogenerator

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