A highly efficient and sensitive screening method for trans-activation activity of estrogen receptors

Zhilei Chen, Huimin Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We describe a highly efficient and sensitive yeast-based screening method for isolating human estrogen receptor α (ERα) mutants with altered trans-activation activity. This method takes advantage of the fact that estrogen receptor is a ligand-activated transcription factor, and links the transactivation activity of estrogen receptor to the growth rate of yeast cells. We used this method to screen a library of human ERα mutants created by random mutagenesis of the ligand binding domain of human ERα in the presence of ligand 17β-estradiol (E2). We isolated several human ERα mutants with significantly altered trans-activation activity toward E2 in yeast cells. We also used this method to screen a library of chemical compounds and showed that it can be used to rapidly identify estrogenic compounds and the different cell growth rates for these estrogenic compounds correlated well with their relative binding affinities. Thus, this method is suitable for selecting novel estrogenic compounds and estrogen receptor mutants. In principle, this method might also be used to isolate mutants of any nuclear receptors with altered trans-activation activity, which may greatly facilitate their structural and functional studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-134
Number of pages8
JournalGene
Volume306
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 13 2003

Keywords

  • Directed evolution
  • Nuclear hormone receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

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