A highly effective preconditioner is presented for solving the system of equations obtained from the application of the hybrid finite element-boundary integral (FE-BI) method to three-dimensional (3-D) electromagnetic scattering problems. Different from widely used algebraic preconditioners, the proposed one is based on a physical approximation and is constructed from the finite element method (FEM) using an absorbing boundary condition (ABC) on the truncation boundary. It is shown that the large eigenvalues of the finite element (FE)-ABC system are similar to those of the FE-BI system. Hence, the preconditioned system has a spectrum distribution clustered around 1 in the complex plane. Consequently, when a Krylov subspace based method is employed to solve the preconditioned system, the convergence can be greatly accelerated. Numerical results show that the proposed preconditioner can improve the convergence of an iterative solution by approximately two orders of magnitude for large problems.
- Absorbing boundary condition (ABC)
- Boundary integral equation (BIE)
- Electromagnetic scattering
- Finite element method (FEM)
- Numerical analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering