Wide field of view (FOV) and high resolution are two desirable properties in many vision-based applications such as tele-conferencing, surveillance, and robot navigation. In some applications such as 3D reconstruction and rendering, it is also desired that all viewing directions share a single viewpoint, the entire FOV be imaged simultaneously, in real-time, and the depth of field be large. In this paper, we review such a panoramic camera proposed by Nalwa in 1996 that uses reflections off planar mirrors to achieve the first four of the aforementioned capabilities. He uses a single mirror pyramid (SMP) and a number of cameras that point to the individual pyramid faces. Together the cameras yield a visual field having a width of 360 degrees and a height same as that of the individual cameras. We propose a double mirror-pyramid (DMP) design that still achieves a 360-degree FOV horizontally but doubles the vertical FOV. It retains the other three capabilities namely high resolution, a single apparent viewpoint across the entire FOV, and real-time panoramic capture. We specify the visual field mapping from the scene to the sensor realized by the proposed camera. Finally, an implementation of the proposed DMP design is described and examples of preliminary panoramic images obtained are included.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2001|
|Event||2001 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition - Kauai, HI, United States|
Duration: Dec 8 2001 → Dec 14 2001
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition