A herd outbreak of equine leukoencephalomalacia.

P. A. Wilkins, W. E. Vaala, D. Zivotofsky, E. D. Twitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Equine leukoencephalomalacia (ELEM) affected 6 of 10 pleasure horses in adjacent paddocks at a boarding facility. Four of the 6 affected horses died or were euthanized. Two of 3 horses presented for treatment survived with complete resolution of clinical signs. Treatment was primarily supportive. Dimethyl sulfoxide, dexamethasone, flunixin meglumine and thiamine were administered as anti-inflammatory agents and to decrease or prevent cerebral edema. Fusarium monileforme was cultured from ear corn fed the affected horses. Fumonisin B1, B2 and B3 were isolated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-59
Number of pages7
JournalThe Cornell veterinarian
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994
Externally publishedYes


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