A genetic perspective on glucose consumption in the cerebral cortex during human development

J. Caravas, Derek E. Wildman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

As the major glucose-consuming organ in the human body, the dynamics of glucose metabolism in the brain deserve special attention. It has been shown that the brain's energy allocation as a percentage of the total energy budget of the individual peaks during childhood and declines through adolescence until reaching the stable allocation level seen in the adult. This pattern of glucose consumption has not been observed in other species, including our close primate relatives, and is therefore potentially either a driver or a consequence of human cognition. Furthermore, the allocation of glucose usage in the brain changes as the individual ages, with a surprising amount dedicated to glycolysis rather than oxidative phosphorylation pathway. This suggests that, at certain developmental stages, glucose-fuelled anabolic pathways, in addition to ATP generation, are the driving forces behind the brain's high energy requirement. In this study, we explore the most recent work pertaining to the dynamic glucose uptake and allocation of the developing human brain and investigate several genes that may play a role in regulating these processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volume16
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Human Development
Cerebral Cortex
Glucose
Brain
Oxidative Phosphorylation
Glycolysis
Budgets
Human Body
Cognition
Primates
Adenosine Triphosphate
Genes

Keywords

  • Aerobic glycolysis
  • Brain development
  • Comparative development
  • Glucose metabolism
  • Warburg effect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

A genetic perspective on glucose consumption in the cerebral cortex during human development. / Caravas, J.; Wildman, Derek E.

In: Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, Vol. 16, 01.01.2014, p. 21-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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