A Forward Model Incorporating Elevation-Focused Transducer Properties for 3-D Full-Waveform Inversion in Ultrasound Computed Tomography

Fu Li, Umberto Villa, Nebojsa Duric, Mark A. Anastasio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Ultrasound computed tomography (USCT) is an emerging medical imaging modality that holds great promise for improving human health. Full-waveform inversion (FWI)-based image reconstruction methods account for the relevant wave physics to produce high spatial resolution images of the acoustic properties of the breast tissues. A practical USCT design employs a circular ring-array comprised of elevation-focused ultrasonic transducers, and volumetric imaging is achieved by translating the ring-array orthogonally to the imaging plane. In commonly deployed slice-by-slice (SBS) reconstruction approaches, the 3-D volume is reconstructed by stacking together 2-D images reconstructed for each position of the ring-array. A limitation of the SBS reconstruction approach is that it does not account for 3-D wave propagation physics and the focusing properties of the transducers, which can result in significant image artifacts and inaccuracies. To perform 3-D image reconstruction when elevation-focused transducers are employed, a numerical description of the focusing properties of the transducers should be included in the forward model. To address this, a 3-D computational model of an elevation-focused transducer is developed to enable 3-D FWI-based reconstruction methods to be deployed in ring-array-based USCT. The focusing is achieved by applying a spatially varying temporal delay to the ultrasound pulse (emitter mode) and recorded signal (receiver mode). The proposed numerical transducer model is quantitatively validated and employed in computer simulation studies that demonstrate its use in image reconstruction for ring-array USCT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1339-1354
Number of pages16
JournalIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
Volume70
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • 3-D full-waveform inversion (FWI)
  • lens-focused transducer
  • ultrasound computed tomography (USCT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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