A flow regime map for condensation in macro and micro tubes with non-equilibrium effects taken into account

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Abstract

A flow regime map for condensation from superheated vapor is proposed in this paper. The flow regime map takes the non-equilibrium effects into account by following the development of liquid film from the real onset of condensation to the end. It can be applied to both conventional tubes and microchannels. The transition mechanism between annular and stratified-wavy flow is determined to be the force balance between the shear force, gravity and surface tension. The transition mechanism from annular to intermittent flow is found to be the comparison between wave heights and tube diameter. The transition mechanism for stratified-wavy and fully-stratified is kept the same as elaborated by Xiao and Hrnjak (2017). The connections between the dimensionless number We, Fr and Bo and the transition criteria are analyzed. The flow regime map is validated by the experimental data in Xiao and Hrnjak (2017) and some current visualizations, which includes diabatic visualizations of R134a, R1234ze(E), R32, R245fa and R1233zd(E) condensing at 30 and 50 °C in 1, 4 and 6 mm tubes.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages893-900
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Macros
Condensation
condensation
tubes
Visualization
Liquid films
Microchannels
dimensionless numbers
stratified flow
Surface tension
condensing
Gravitation
microchannels
Vapors
interfacial tension
vapors
gravitation
shear
liquids

Keywords

  • Flow regime map
  • Flow regime transition mechanism
  • In-tube condensation
  • Non-equilibrium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "A flow regime map for condensation in macro and micro tubes with non-equilibrium effects taken into account",
abstract = "A flow regime map for condensation from superheated vapor is proposed in this paper. The flow regime map takes the non-equilibrium effects into account by following the development of liquid film from the real onset of condensation to the end. It can be applied to both conventional tubes and microchannels. The transition mechanism between annular and stratified-wavy flow is determined to be the force balance between the shear force, gravity and surface tension. The transition mechanism from annular to intermittent flow is found to be the comparison between wave heights and tube diameter. The transition mechanism for stratified-wavy and fully-stratified is kept the same as elaborated by Xiao and Hrnjak (2017). The connections between the dimensionless number We, Fr and Bo and the transition criteria are analyzed. The flow regime map is validated by the experimental data in Xiao and Hrnjak (2017) and some current visualizations, which includes diabatic visualizations of R134a, R1234ze(E), R32, R245fa and R1233zd(E) condensing at 30 and 50 °C in 1, 4 and 6 mm tubes.",
keywords = "Flow regime map, Flow regime transition mechanism, In-tube condensation, Non-equilibrium",
author = "Jiange Xiao and Hrnjak, {Predrag Stojan}",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
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language = "English (US)",
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journal = "International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer",
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AU - Xiao, Jiange

AU - Hrnjak, Predrag Stojan

PY - 2019/3/1

Y1 - 2019/3/1

N2 - A flow regime map for condensation from superheated vapor is proposed in this paper. The flow regime map takes the non-equilibrium effects into account by following the development of liquid film from the real onset of condensation to the end. It can be applied to both conventional tubes and microchannels. The transition mechanism between annular and stratified-wavy flow is determined to be the force balance between the shear force, gravity and surface tension. The transition mechanism from annular to intermittent flow is found to be the comparison between wave heights and tube diameter. The transition mechanism for stratified-wavy and fully-stratified is kept the same as elaborated by Xiao and Hrnjak (2017). The connections between the dimensionless number We, Fr and Bo and the transition criteria are analyzed. The flow regime map is validated by the experimental data in Xiao and Hrnjak (2017) and some current visualizations, which includes diabatic visualizations of R134a, R1234ze(E), R32, R245fa and R1233zd(E) condensing at 30 and 50 °C in 1, 4 and 6 mm tubes.

AB - A flow regime map for condensation from superheated vapor is proposed in this paper. The flow regime map takes the non-equilibrium effects into account by following the development of liquid film from the real onset of condensation to the end. It can be applied to both conventional tubes and microchannels. The transition mechanism between annular and stratified-wavy flow is determined to be the force balance between the shear force, gravity and surface tension. The transition mechanism from annular to intermittent flow is found to be the comparison between wave heights and tube diameter. The transition mechanism for stratified-wavy and fully-stratified is kept the same as elaborated by Xiao and Hrnjak (2017). The connections between the dimensionless number We, Fr and Bo and the transition criteria are analyzed. The flow regime map is validated by the experimental data in Xiao and Hrnjak (2017) and some current visualizations, which includes diabatic visualizations of R134a, R1234ze(E), R32, R245fa and R1233zd(E) condensing at 30 and 50 °C in 1, 4 and 6 mm tubes.

KW - Flow regime map

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KW - In-tube condensation

KW - Non-equilibrium

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