A flight mechanics-centric review of bird-scale flapping flight

Aditya A. Paranjape, Michael R. Dorothy, Soon Jo Chung, Ki D. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


This paper reviews the flight mechanics and control of birds and bird-size aircraft. It is intended to fill a niche in the current survey literature which focuses primarily on the aerodynamics, flight dynamics and control of insect scale flight. We review the flight mechanics from first principles and summarize some recent results on the stability and control of birds and bird-scale aircraft. Birds spend a considerable portion of their flight in the gliding (i.e., non-flapping) phase. Therefore, we also review the stability and control of gliding flight, and particularly those aspects which are derived from the unique control features of birds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)267-282
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-inspired flight
  • Bird-size aircraft
  • Flapping flight
  • Flight mechanics
  • Micro aerial vehicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A flight mechanics-centric review of bird-scale flapping flight'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this