A first look at the ability to use genomic prediction for improving the ratooning ability of sugarcane

Md Sariful Islam, Keo Corak, Per McCord, Amanda M. Hulse-Kemp, Alexander E. Lipka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The sugarcane ratooning ability (RA) is the most important target trait for breeders seeking to enhance the profitability of sugarcane production by reducing the planting cost. Understanding the genetics governing the RA could help breeders by identifying molecular markers that could be used for genomics-assisted breeding (GAB). A replicated field trial was conducted for three crop cycles (plant cane, first ratoon, and second ratoon) using 432 sugarcane clones and used for conducting genome-wide association and genomic prediction of five sugar and yield component traits of the RA. The RA traits for economic index (EI), stalk population (SP), stalk weight (SW), tonns of cane per hectare (TCH), and tonns of sucrose per hectare (TSH) were estimated from the yield and sugar data. A total of six putative quantitative trait loci and eight nonredundant single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were associated with all five tested RA traits and appear to be unique. Seven putative candidate genes were colocated with significant SNPs associated with the five RA traits. The genomic prediction accuracies for those tested traits were moderate and ranged from 0.21 to 0.36. However, the models fitting fixed effects for the most significant associated markers for each respective trait did not give any advantages over the standard models without fixed effects. As a result of this study, more robust markers could be used in the future for clone selection in sugarcane, potentially helping resolve the genetic control of the RA in sugarcane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1205999
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
StatePublished - 2023


  • GWAS
  • candidate gene
  • genomic selection
  • marker trait association
  • sugarcane production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


Dive into the research topics of 'A first look at the ability to use genomic prediction for improving the ratooning ability of sugarcane'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this