A duplex SYBR Green I-based real-time RT-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of Massachusetts and non-Massachusetts serotypes of infectious bronchitis virus

Ana M. Acevedo, Carmen L. Perera, Armando Vega, Liliam Ríos, Liani Coronado, Damarys Relova, Maria T. Frías, Llilianne Ganges, José I. Núñez, Lester J. Pérez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Infectious bronchitis is a highly contagious viral disease of poultry caused by infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) and is considered one of the most economically important viral diseases of chickens. Control of IBV has been attempted using live attenuated and inactivated vaccines. Live attenuated vaccines of the Massachusetts (Mass.) serotype are the most commonly used for this purpose. Due to the continuous emergence of new variants of the infectious bronchitis virus, the identification of the type of IBV causing an outbreak in commercial poultry is important in the selection of the appropriate vaccine(s) capable of inducing a protective immune response. The present work was aimed at developing and evaluating a duplex SYBR Green I-based real-time RT-PCR (rRT-PCR) assay for the simultaneous detection and differentiation of Mass. and non-Mass. serotypes of IBV. The duplex rRT-PCR yielded curves of amplification with two specific melting curves (Tm1=83°C±0.5°C and Tm2=87°C±0.5°C) and only one specific melting peak (Tm=87°C±0.5°C) when the IBV Mass. serotype and IBV non-Mass. serotype strains were evaluated, respectively. The detection limit of the assay was 8.2gene copies/μL based on invitro transcribed RNA and 0.1EID50/mL. The assay was able to detect all the IBV strains assessed and discriminated well among the IBV Mass. and the IBV non-Mass. serotypes strains. In addition, amplification curves were not obtained with any of the other viruses tested. From the 300 field samples tested, the duplex rRT-PCR yielded a total of 80 samples that were positive for IBV (26.67%), 73 samples identified as the IBV Mass. serotype and seven samples as identified as the IBV non-Mass. serotype. A comparison of the performance of test as assessed with field samples revealed that the duplex rRT-PCR detected a higher number of IBV-positive samples than when conventional RT-PCR or virus isolation tests were used. The duplex rRT-PCR presented here is a useful tool for the rapid identification of outbreaks and for surveillance programmes during IB-suspected cases, particularly in countries with a vaccination control programme.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-192
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular and Cellular Probes
Volume27
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Differentiation serotypes
  • Duplex real time RT-PCR
  • Infectious bronchitis virus
  • SYBR Green-I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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