Cytochrome b562 is a four-helix-bundle protein containing a non- covalently bound b-type heme prosthetic group. In the absence of heme, cytochrome b562 remains highly structured under native conditions. Here we report thermodynamic data for the thermal denaturation of the holo- and apoproteins as determined by differential scanning calorimetry. Thermal denaturation of holocytochrome b562 is a highly reversible process, and unexpectedly does not involve dissociation of the heme prosthetic group. Thermal denaturation of the corresponding apoprotein, with the heme group chemically removed, remains a cooperative, reversible process. Apocytochrome b562 is substantially destabilized relative to the holoprotein: the t( 1/4 ) is more than ten degrees lower, and enthalpy and heat capacity changes are about one-half of the holoprotein values. However, the energetic parameters of apocytochrome b562 denaturation are within the range of observed values for small proteins.
- Apo- and holo-cytochrome b
- Differential scanning calorimetry
- Thermal unfolding
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology