A coupled data-physics computational framework for temperature, residual stress, and distortion modeling in autoclave process of composite materials

Yongjia Xu, Ze Zhao, Kalyan Shrestha, Waruna Seneviratne, Shakya Liyanage, Upul Palliyaguru, Anand Karuppiah, Jim Lua, Nam Phan, Jinhui Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It is challenging to obtain the full-field temperature profile during autoclave processes to control the temperature uniformity and minimize the residual stress and distortion of cured composite structures. This paper proposes a coupled data-physics computational framework for full-field temperature reconstruction and the subsequent residual stress/distortion modeling by using limited monitoring temperature data. Firstly, a Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) model is developed for full field temperature reconstruction. In this LSTM model, a cross-recombination method is proposed to maximize the value of monitored temperature data. The method effectively cuts through the bottleneck of neural network training with limited labeled data. The LSTM model's prediction stability is enhanced based on the mean-teacher and ensemble learning strategy. To train and validate the proposed method, we perform experiments using an autoclave at the National Institute for Aviation Research (NIAR). The LSTM model's accuracy is assessed by comparing its predicted results with the thermocouple (TC) data from measurements and high-fidelity simulation data from computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The study shows that the proposed LSTM model can effectively reconstruct the full-field temperature using limited monitoring data and significantly improve accuracy and efficiency compared with the CFD-based counterpart. Then, we create a coupled data-physics computational framework by embedding the data-driven LSTM model into a physics-based thermo-mechanical finite element model to predict residual stress and distortion. The simulation results show that the coupled data-physics framework provides an effective way for process-to-performance modeling and simulation of autoclave curing processes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108218
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume183
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2024
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Composite manufacturing
  • Heat treatment
  • Machine learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A coupled data-physics computational framework for temperature, residual stress, and distortion modeling in autoclave process of composite materials'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this