A correlation for burn time of aluminum particles in the transition regime

Patrick Lynch, Herman Krier, Nick Glumac

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

A study of the combustion times for aluminum particles in the size range of 3-11 μm with oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor oxidizers at high temperatures (>2400 K), high pressures (4-25 atm), and oxidizer composition (15-70% by volume in inert diluent) in a heterogeneous shock tube has generated a correlation valid in the transition regime. The deviation from diffusion limited behavior and burn times that could otherwise be accurately predicted by the widely accepted Beckstead correlation is seen, for example, in particles below 20 μm, and is evidenced by the lowering of the diameter dependence on the burn time, a dependence on pressure, and a reversal of the relative oxidizer strengths of carbon dioxide and water vapor. The strong dependence on temperature of burn time that is seen in nano-Al is not observed in these micron-sized particles. The burning rates of aluminum in these oxidizers can be added to predict an overall mixture burnout time adequately. This correlation should extend the ability of modelers to predict combustion rates of particles in solid rocket motor environments down to particle diameters of a few microns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1887-1893
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume32 II
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2009
Event32nd International Symposium on Combustion - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: Aug 3 2008Aug 8 2008

Fingerprint

Aluminum
oxidizers
Steam
aluminum
Carbon Dioxide
Water vapor
Carbon dioxide
Shock tubes
Rocket engines
water vapor
carbon dioxide
burnout
burning rate
diluents
Oxygen
shock tubes
Temperature
rockets
Chemical analysis
vapors

Keywords

  • Aluminum combustion
  • Burn time
  • Transition regime

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

A correlation for burn time of aluminum particles in the transition regime. / Lynch, Patrick; Krier, Herman; Glumac, Nick.

In: Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Vol. 32 II, 16.03.2009, p. 1887-1893.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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N2 - A study of the combustion times for aluminum particles in the size range of 3-11 μm with oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor oxidizers at high temperatures (>2400 K), high pressures (4-25 atm), and oxidizer composition (15-70% by volume in inert diluent) in a heterogeneous shock tube has generated a correlation valid in the transition regime. The deviation from diffusion limited behavior and burn times that could otherwise be accurately predicted by the widely accepted Beckstead correlation is seen, for example, in particles below 20 μm, and is evidenced by the lowering of the diameter dependence on the burn time, a dependence on pressure, and a reversal of the relative oxidizer strengths of carbon dioxide and water vapor. The strong dependence on temperature of burn time that is seen in nano-Al is not observed in these micron-sized particles. The burning rates of aluminum in these oxidizers can be added to predict an overall mixture burnout time adequately. This correlation should extend the ability of modelers to predict combustion rates of particles in solid rocket motor environments down to particle diameters of a few microns.

AB - A study of the combustion times for aluminum particles in the size range of 3-11 μm with oxygen, carbon dioxide, and water vapor oxidizers at high temperatures (>2400 K), high pressures (4-25 atm), and oxidizer composition (15-70% by volume in inert diluent) in a heterogeneous shock tube has generated a correlation valid in the transition regime. The deviation from diffusion limited behavior and burn times that could otherwise be accurately predicted by the widely accepted Beckstead correlation is seen, for example, in particles below 20 μm, and is evidenced by the lowering of the diameter dependence on the burn time, a dependence on pressure, and a reversal of the relative oxidizer strengths of carbon dioxide and water vapor. The strong dependence on temperature of burn time that is seen in nano-Al is not observed in these micron-sized particles. The burning rates of aluminum in these oxidizers can be added to predict an overall mixture burnout time adequately. This correlation should extend the ability of modelers to predict combustion rates of particles in solid rocket motor environments down to particle diameters of a few microns.

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