A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality

Chen Huei Wu, Chilin Shih

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper investigates foreign accent by comparing vowel production of native speakers, heritage and non-native learners with data from a large corpus of spontaneous Chinese learner speech. Snippets were evaluated by untrained Mandarin raters on accent ratings and followed up with acoustic analysis of vowel qualities. The rating result showed a high correlation between accent and pronunciation. It is found that it is easier to improve the goodness of pronunciation, but the impression of accent is hard to change. Duration and formant studies reveal that L1 transfer has long-term impact on accent. The vowel [u] produced by second language learners was more fronted than that by native speakers. The vowel [y] is difficult for learners who associate front vowel with unrounding or, alternatively, whose performance falls between [y] and [u]. The formant space of Mandarin low vowels [a] and [a] produced by learners were in the opposite direction from the way native speakers did or were not distinguished. The research findings have implication on language teaching and pronunciation training method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody
PublisherTongji University Press
Pages234-237
Number of pages4
Volume1
ISBN (Print)9787560848693
StatePublished - 2012
Event6th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2012, SP 2012 - Shanghai, China
Duration: May 22 2012May 25 2012

Other

Other6th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2012, SP 2012
CountryChina
CityShanghai
Period5/22/125/25/12

Fingerprint

Teaching
Acoustics
Accent
Vowel Quality
Corpus Study
Native Speaker
Rating
Formants

Keywords

  • Foreign accent
  • Mandarin vowels
  • Second language acquisition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Wu, C. H., & Shih, C. (2012). A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody (Vol. 1, pp. 234-237). Tongji University Press.

A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality. / Wu, Chen Huei; Shih, Chilin.

Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody. Vol. 1 Tongji University Press, 2012. p. 234-237.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Wu, CH & Shih, C 2012, A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality. in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody. vol. 1, Tongji University Press, pp. 234-237, 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody 2012, SP 2012, Shanghai, China, 5/22/12.
Wu CH, Shih C. A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality. In Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody. Vol. 1. Tongji University Press. 2012. p. 234-237
Wu, Chen Huei ; Shih, Chilin. / A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody. Vol. 1 Tongji University Press, 2012. pp. 234-237
@inproceedings{a98b180e1d3047c0bc9148d6bcec5b30,
title = "A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality",
abstract = "This paper investigates foreign accent by comparing vowel production of native speakers, heritage and non-native learners with data from a large corpus of spontaneous Chinese learner speech. Snippets were evaluated by untrained Mandarin raters on accent ratings and followed up with acoustic analysis of vowel qualities. The rating result showed a high correlation between accent and pronunciation. It is found that it is easier to improve the goodness of pronunciation, but the impression of accent is hard to change. Duration and formant studies reveal that L1 transfer has long-term impact on accent. The vowel [u] produced by second language learners was more fronted than that by native speakers. The vowel [y] is difficult for learners who associate front vowel with unrounding or, alternatively, whose performance falls between [y] and [u]. The formant space of Mandarin low vowels [a] and [a] produced by learners were in the opposite direction from the way native speakers did or were not distinguished. The research findings have implication on language teaching and pronunciation training method.",
keywords = "Foreign accent, Mandarin vowels, Second language acquisition",
author = "Wu, {Chen Huei} and Chilin Shih",
year = "2012",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9787560848693",
volume = "1",
pages = "234--237",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody",
publisher = "Tongji University Press",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - A corpus study of native and non-native vowel quality

AU - Wu, Chen Huei

AU - Shih, Chilin

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This paper investigates foreign accent by comparing vowel production of native speakers, heritage and non-native learners with data from a large corpus of spontaneous Chinese learner speech. Snippets were evaluated by untrained Mandarin raters on accent ratings and followed up with acoustic analysis of vowel qualities. The rating result showed a high correlation between accent and pronunciation. It is found that it is easier to improve the goodness of pronunciation, but the impression of accent is hard to change. Duration and formant studies reveal that L1 transfer has long-term impact on accent. The vowel [u] produced by second language learners was more fronted than that by native speakers. The vowel [y] is difficult for learners who associate front vowel with unrounding or, alternatively, whose performance falls between [y] and [u]. The formant space of Mandarin low vowels [a] and [a] produced by learners were in the opposite direction from the way native speakers did or were not distinguished. The research findings have implication on language teaching and pronunciation training method.

AB - This paper investigates foreign accent by comparing vowel production of native speakers, heritage and non-native learners with data from a large corpus of spontaneous Chinese learner speech. Snippets were evaluated by untrained Mandarin raters on accent ratings and followed up with acoustic analysis of vowel qualities. The rating result showed a high correlation between accent and pronunciation. It is found that it is easier to improve the goodness of pronunciation, but the impression of accent is hard to change. Duration and formant studies reveal that L1 transfer has long-term impact on accent. The vowel [u] produced by second language learners was more fronted than that by native speakers. The vowel [y] is difficult for learners who associate front vowel with unrounding or, alternatively, whose performance falls between [y] and [u]. The formant space of Mandarin low vowels [a] and [a] produced by learners were in the opposite direction from the way native speakers did or were not distinguished. The research findings have implication on language teaching and pronunciation training method.

KW - Foreign accent

KW - Mandarin vowels

KW - Second language acquisition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84902951779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84902951779&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84902951779

SN - 9787560848693

VL - 1

SP - 234

EP - 237

BT - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Speech Prosody

PB - Tongji University Press

ER -