A conjugate of a tumor-targeting ligand and a T cell costimulatory antibody to treat brain tumors

Ute Gawlick, David M. Kranz, Victor D. Schepkin, Edward J. Roy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


T cell immunotherapy is a potential strategy for the treatment of brain tumors because it offers a high degree of specificity, the ability to extravasate into solid tumors, and the potential for eliciting a long-term protective immune response. Various approaches have been developed to overcome T cell immune tolerance to cancer, including the use of cytokines and bispecific antibodies. T cell stimulation with the proinflammatory cytokine IL-12 can elicit antitumor immunity. T cell activation can be increased using bispecific antibodies against activating molecules on the surface of T cells and a tumor antigen. We studied the effects of systemic IL-12 administration in combination with a conjugate of an anti-CD28 antibody and a ligand for the folate receptor. The high affinity folate receptor is expressed on endogenously arising choroid plexus tumors of SV11 mice, which are transgenic for large T antigen under the control of the SV40 promoter. SV11 mice are immunocompetent, yet immunologically tolerant to large T antigen expressed by choroid plexus tumors. MRI analysis showed that the administration of IL-12 and anti-CD28 Fab/folate significantly slowed tumor growth. Proliferating CD8+ T cells were found in choroid plexus tumors of treated animals. Treatment of animals with IL-12 + anti-CD28 Fab/folate prolonged survival compared to IL-12 alone. Cytokine treatment combined with tumor-targeted costimulation may be a useful adjunct treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1137-1145
Number of pages9
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry


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