A conceptual framework for understanding the association between school bullying victimization and substance misuse

Jun Sung Hong, Jordan P. Davis, Paul R. Sterzing, Jina Yoon, Shinwoo Choi, Douglas C. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This article reviews current research findings and presents a conceptual framework for better understanding the relationship between bullying victimization (hereafter referred to as victimization) and substance misuse (hereafter referred to as SM) among adolescents. Although victimization and SM may appear to be separate problems, research suggests an intriguing relationship between the 2. We present a brief, empirical overview of the direct association between victimization and adolescent SM, followed by a proposed conceptual framework that includes co-occurring risk factors for victimization and SM within family, peer, and school and community contexts. Next, we discuss potential mediators linking victimization and SM, such as internalizing problems, traumatic stress, low academic performance, and school truancy and absence. We then identify potential moderating influences of age, gender and sex, social supports, and school connectedness that could amplify or abate the association between victimization and SM. Finally, we discuss practice and policy implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)696-710
Number of pages15
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthopsychiatry
Volume84
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bullying
  • Substance misuse
  • Victimization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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