A complex network framework for the efficiency and resilience trade-off in global food trade

Deniz Berfin Karakoc, Megan Konar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Global food trade is crucial for food security and availability. Trade is typically optimized to promote efficiency, whereas resilience is increasingly being recognized as another important objective. However, it is not clear if prioritizing resilience comes at the expense of efficiency or if the two objectives can be promoted simultaneously. We develop a complex network framework to assess the relationship between efficiency and resilience of food trade for the last half century. There is a competitive relationship between efficiency and resilience when only network topology is considered. However, a cooperative relationship between efficiency and resilience exists when the intensity of trade connections is accounted for. Policy makers can use this framework to evaluate the relationship between efficiency and resilience in critical supply chains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105003
JournalEnvironmental Research Letters
Volume16
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • efficiency
  • food trade
  • networks
  • resilience
  • trade-off

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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