Four glucosinolate derivatives were evaluated individually and as a mixture for their effects on hepatic P4501A (CYP1A), glutathione S-transferase (GST), quinone reductase (QR), glutathione reductase (G-Rd), and GSH levels. Doses of the derivatives were chosen to represent their relative abundance in Brussels sprouts. Adult male F344 rats received either corn oil (vehicle); one of the agents: indole-3-carbinol (I3C, 56 mg/kg), iberin (38 mg/kg), phenylethylisothiocyanate (PEITC, 0.1 mg/kg), or cyanohydroxybutene (crambene, 50 mg/kg); or all of the agents at the doses shown (as a mixture) given by gavage daily for 7 days. The mixture and I3C caused an 11- and 9.4-fold induction of CYP1A, respectively. Crambene and I3C each caused a 1.4-fold increase in GST, while the mixture caused a 2.5-fold increase. Crambene and I3C caused a 2.5- and 1.9-fold increase in QR, respectively. The mixture caused a 6.2-fold increase. Crambene, PEITC, and the mixture caused a 1.8-, 1.6-, and 2.0-fold increase in hepatic GSH levels, respectively. Crambene, I3C, iberin, and the mixture caused 1.3-, 1.4-, 1.2-, and 1.7-fold increases in G-Rd, respectively. In a second study the mixture was given at 60 and 20% of the original dose. CYP1A, QR, G-Rd, and GST elevations were dose-dependent; GSH levels were not elevated. It is concluded that I3C and crambene are responsible for the majority of enzyme increases seen. A synergistic effect of I3C and crambene was evident on induction of GST and QR, but not on GSH, G-Rd, or P4501A.
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