A Command-by-Intent Architecture for Battlefield Information Acquisition Systems

Jongdeog Lee, Yifan Hao, Tarek Abdelzaher, Kelvin Marcus, Reginald Hobbs

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In military operations, Commander's Intent describes the desired end state and purpose of the operation, expressed in a concise and clear manner. Command by intent is a paradigm that empowers subordinate units to exercise measured initiative to meet mission goals and accept prudent risk within commander's intent. It improves agility of military operations by allowing exploitation of local opportunities without an explicit directive from the commander to do so. This paper discusses what the paradigm entails in terms of architectural decisions for data fusion systems tasked with real-time information collection to satisfy operational mission goals. In our system, information needs of decisions are expressed at a high level, and shared among relevant nodes. The selected nodes, then, jointly operate to meet mission information needs by forwarding and caching relevant data without explicit directives regarding the objects to fetch and sources to contact. A preliminary evaluation of the system is presented using a target tracking application, set in the context of a NATO-based mission scenario, called Anglova. Evaluation results show that delegating some decision authority to the data fusion system (in terms of objects to fetch and sources to contact) allows it to save more network resources, while also increasing mission success rate. The system is therefore particularly well-suited to operation in partially denied or contested environments, where resource bottlenecks caused by adversarial activity impair one's ability to collect real-time information for mission-critical decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages2298-2305
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780996452762
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 5 2018
Event21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018 - Cambridge, United Kingdom
Duration: Jul 10 2018Jul 13 2018

Publication series

Name2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018

Other

Other21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityCambridge
Period7/10/187/13/18

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Keywords

  • Command-by-intent
  • Decision-centric
  • IoBT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Lee, J., Hao, Y., Abdelzaher, T., Marcus, K., & Hobbs, R. (2018). A Command-by-Intent Architecture for Battlefield Information Acquisition Systems. In 2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018 (pp. 2298-2305). [8455376] (2018 21st International Conference on Information Fusion, FUSION 2018). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.23919/ICIF.2018.8455376