A combination of cross-neutralizing antibodies synergizes to prevent SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV pseudovirus infection

Hejun Liu, Meng Yuan, Deli Huang, Sandhya Bangaru, Fangzhu Zhao, Chang Chun D. Lee, Linghang Peng, Shawn Barman, Xueyong Zhu, David Nemazee, Dennis R. Burton, Marit J. van Gils, Rogier W. Sanders, Hans Christian Kornau, S. Momsen Reincke, Harald Prüss, Jakob Kreye, Nicholas C. Wu, Andrew B. Ward, Ian A. Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Coronaviruses have caused several human epidemics and pandemics including the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Prophylactic vaccines and therapeutic antibodies have already shown striking effectiveness against COVID-19. Nevertheless, concerns remain about antigenic drift in SARS-CoV-2 as well as threats from other sarbecoviruses. Cross-neutralizing antibodies to SARS-related viruses provide opportunities to address such concerns. Here, we report on crystal structures of a cross-neutralizing antibody, CV38-142, in complex with the receptor-binding domains from SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV. Recognition of the N343 glycosylation site and water-mediated interactions facilitate cross-reactivity of CV38-142 to SARS-related viruses, allowing the antibody to accommodate antigenic variation in these viruses. CV38-142 synergizes with other cross-neutralizing antibodies, notably COVA1-16, to enhance neutralization of SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, including circulating variants of concern B.1.1.7 and B.1.351. Overall, this study provides valuable information for vaccine and therapeutic design to address current and future antigenic drift in SARS-CoV-2 and to protect against zoonotic SARS-related coronaviruses.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)806-818.e6
JournalCell Host and Microbe
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 12 2021


  • cross-neutralizing antibody
  • COVID-19
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • coronavirus
  • antibody-antigen interaction
  • 3D structure
  • crystallography
  • synergy
  • antibody cocktail

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Virology


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