A chimeric influenza hemagglutinin delivered by parainfluenza virus 5 vector induces broadly protective immunity against genetically divergent influenza a H1 viruses in swine

Zhuo Li, Sarah A. Zaiser, Pengcheng Shang, Dustin L. Heiden, Heather Hajovsky, Pratik Katwal, Baylor DeVries, Jack Baker, Juergen A. Richt, Yanhua Li, Biao He, Ying Fang, Victor C. Huber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pigs are an important reservoir for human influenza viruses, and influenza causes significant economic loss to the swine industry. As demonstrated during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic, control of swine influenza virus infection is a critical step toward blocking emergence of human influenza virus. An effective vaccine that can induce broadly protective immunity against heterologous influenza virus strains is critically needed. In our previous studies [McCormick et al., 2015; PLoS One, 10(6):e0127649], we used molecular breeding (DNA shuffling) strategies to increase the breadth of the variable and conserved epitopes expressed within a single influenza A virus chimeric hemagglutinin (HA) protein. Chimeric HAs were constructed using parental HAs from the 2009 pandemic virus and swine influenza viruses that had a history of zoonotic transmission to humans. In the current study, we used parainfluenza virus 5 (PIV-5) as a vector to express one of these chimeric HA antigens, HA-113. Recombinant PIV-5 expressing HA-113 (PIV5-113) were rescued, and immunogenicity and protective efficacy were tested in both mouse and pig models. The results showed that PIV5-113 can protect mice and pigs against challenge with viruses expressing parental HAs. The protective immunity was extended against other genetically diversified influenza H1-expressing viruses. Our work demonstrates that PIV5-based influenza vaccines are efficacious as vaccines for pigs. The PIV5 vaccine vector and chimeric HA-113 antigen are discussed in the context of the development of universal influenza vaccines and the potential contribution of PIV5-113 as a candidate universal vaccine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108859
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Influenza
  • Interspecies transmission
  • Mice
  • Pigs
  • Universal vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

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