A cascade of sequentially expressed sucrose transporters in the seed coat and endosperm provides nutrition for the arabidopsis embryo

Li Qing Chen, I. Winnie Lin, Xiao Qing Qu, Davide Sosso, Heather E. McFarlane, Alejandra Londoño, A. Lacey Samuels, Wolf B. Frommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Developing plant embryos depend on nutrition from maternal tissues via the seed coat and endosperm, but the mechanisms that supply nutrients to plant embryos have remained elusive. Sucrose, the major transport form of carbohydrate in plants, is delivered via the phloem to the maternal seed coat and then secreted from the seed coat to feed the embryo. Here, we show that seed filling in Arabidopsis thaliana requires the three sucrose transporters SWEET11, 12, and 15. SWEET11, 12, and 15 exhibit specific spatiotemporal expression patterns in developing seeds, but only a sweet11;12;15 triple mutant showed severe seed defects, which include retarded embryo development, reduced seed weight, and reduced starch and lipid content, causing a “wrinkled” seed phenotype. In sweet11;12;15 triple mutants, starch accumulated in the seed coat but not the embryo, implicating SWEETmediated sucrose efflux in the transfer of sugars from seed coat to embryo. This cascade of sequentially expressed SWEETs provides the feeding pathway for the plant embryo, an important feature for yield potential

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)607-619
Number of pages13
JournalPlant Cell
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology

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    Chen, L. Q., Lin, I. W., Qu, X. Q., Sosso, D., McFarlane, H. E., Londoño, A., Samuels, A. L., & Frommer, W. B. (2015). A cascade of sequentially expressed sucrose transporters in the seed coat and endosperm provides nutrition for the arabidopsis embryo. Plant Cell, 27(3), 607-619. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.114.134585