A Brief Review of the Ring Current and Outstanding Problems

Raluca Ilie, Muhammad Fraz Bashir, Elena A. Kronberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This paper reviews a few important concepts and findings pertaining to the ring current research. Also briefly overviewed are the sources and losses of ring current ions. Recent challenges in modeling and observations of the ring current are presented, as is a brief discussion on open questions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMagnetospheres in the Solar System
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781119815624
ISBN (Print)9781119507529
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • geomagnetic storms
  • ring current ions
  • ring current losses
  • ring current modeling
  • ring current research
  • ring current sources
  • space weather

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Energy


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