A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation

Jeffrey M. Spielberg, Gregory A. Miller, Stacie L. Warren, Anna S. Engels, Laura D. Crocker, Marie T. Banich, Bradley P. Sutton, Wendy Heller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research indicates that dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is important for pursuing goals, and areas of DLPFC are differentially involved in approach and avoidance motivation. Given the complexity of the processes involved in goal pursuit, DLPFC is likely part of a network that includes orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), cingulate, amygdala, and basal ganglia. This hypothesis was tested with regard to one component of goal pursuit, the maintenance of goals in the face of distraction. Examination of connectivity with motivation-related areas of DLPFC supported the network hypothesis. Differential patterns of connectivity suggest a distinct role for DLPFC areas, with one involved in selecting approach goals, one in selecting avoidance goals, and one in selecting goal pursuit strategies. Finally, differences in trait motivation moderated connectivity between DLPFC and OFC, suggesting that this connectivity is important for instantiating motivation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1200-1214
Number of pages15
JournalPsychophysiology
Volume49
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

Prefrontal Cortex
Brain
Avoidance
Amygdala
Basal Ganglia
Connectivity
Maintenance
Pursuit
Research

Keywords

  • fMRI/PET/MRI
  • Motivation
  • Normal volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Spielberg, J. M., Miller, G. A., Warren, S. L., Engels, A. S., Crocker, L. D., Banich, M. T., ... Heller, W. (2012). A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation. Psychophysiology, 49(9), 1200-1214. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x

A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation. / Spielberg, Jeffrey M.; Miller, Gregory A.; Warren, Stacie L.; Engels, Anna S.; Crocker, Laura D.; Banich, Marie T.; Sutton, Bradley P.; Heller, Wendy.

In: Psychophysiology, Vol. 49, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 1200-1214.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spielberg, JM, Miller, GA, Warren, SL, Engels, AS, Crocker, LD, Banich, MT, Sutton, BP & Heller, W 2012, 'A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation', Psychophysiology, vol. 49, no. 9, pp. 1200-1214. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x
Spielberg JM, Miller GA, Warren SL, Engels AS, Crocker LD, Banich MT et al. A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation. Psychophysiology. 2012 Sep;49(9):1200-1214. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x
Spielberg, Jeffrey M. ; Miller, Gregory A. ; Warren, Stacie L. ; Engels, Anna S. ; Crocker, Laura D. ; Banich, Marie T. ; Sutton, Bradley P. ; Heller, Wendy. / A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation. In: Psychophysiology. 2012 ; Vol. 49, No. 9. pp. 1200-1214.
@article{6a73d3d0d97a406b8ea8c35ff69bf600,
title = "A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation",
abstract = "Research indicates that dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is important for pursuing goals, and areas of DLPFC are differentially involved in approach and avoidance motivation. Given the complexity of the processes involved in goal pursuit, DLPFC is likely part of a network that includes orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), cingulate, amygdala, and basal ganglia. This hypothesis was tested with regard to one component of goal pursuit, the maintenance of goals in the face of distraction. Examination of connectivity with motivation-related areas of DLPFC supported the network hypothesis. Differential patterns of connectivity suggest a distinct role for DLPFC areas, with one involved in selecting approach goals, one in selecting avoidance goals, and one in selecting goal pursuit strategies. Finally, differences in trait motivation moderated connectivity between DLPFC and OFC, suggesting that this connectivity is important for instantiating motivation.",
keywords = "fMRI/PET/MRI, Motivation, Normal volunteers",
author = "Spielberg, {Jeffrey M.} and Miller, {Gregory A.} and Warren, {Stacie L.} and Engels, {Anna S.} and Crocker, {Laura D.} and Banich, {Marie T.} and Sutton, {Bradley P.} and Wendy Heller",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "49",
pages = "1200--1214",
journal = "Psychophysiology",
issn = "0048-5772",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A brain network instantiating approach and avoidance motivation

AU - Spielberg, Jeffrey M.

AU - Miller, Gregory A.

AU - Warren, Stacie L.

AU - Engels, Anna S.

AU - Crocker, Laura D.

AU - Banich, Marie T.

AU - Sutton, Bradley P.

AU - Heller, Wendy

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Research indicates that dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is important for pursuing goals, and areas of DLPFC are differentially involved in approach and avoidance motivation. Given the complexity of the processes involved in goal pursuit, DLPFC is likely part of a network that includes orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), cingulate, amygdala, and basal ganglia. This hypothesis was tested with regard to one component of goal pursuit, the maintenance of goals in the face of distraction. Examination of connectivity with motivation-related areas of DLPFC supported the network hypothesis. Differential patterns of connectivity suggest a distinct role for DLPFC areas, with one involved in selecting approach goals, one in selecting avoidance goals, and one in selecting goal pursuit strategies. Finally, differences in trait motivation moderated connectivity between DLPFC and OFC, suggesting that this connectivity is important for instantiating motivation.

AB - Research indicates that dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) is important for pursuing goals, and areas of DLPFC are differentially involved in approach and avoidance motivation. Given the complexity of the processes involved in goal pursuit, DLPFC is likely part of a network that includes orbitofrontal cortex (OFC), cingulate, amygdala, and basal ganglia. This hypothesis was tested with regard to one component of goal pursuit, the maintenance of goals in the face of distraction. Examination of connectivity with motivation-related areas of DLPFC supported the network hypothesis. Differential patterns of connectivity suggest a distinct role for DLPFC areas, with one involved in selecting approach goals, one in selecting avoidance goals, and one in selecting goal pursuit strategies. Finally, differences in trait motivation moderated connectivity between DLPFC and OFC, suggesting that this connectivity is important for instantiating motivation.

KW - fMRI/PET/MRI

KW - Motivation

KW - Normal volunteers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84865296227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84865296227&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01443.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 22845892

AN - SCOPUS:84865296227

VL - 49

SP - 1200

EP - 1214

JO - Psychophysiology

JF - Psychophysiology

SN - 0048-5772

IS - 9

ER -