A biogenic hydrocarbon emission inventory for the U.S.A. using a simple forest canopy model

B. Lamb, D. Gay, H. Westberg, T. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


A biogenic hydrocarbon emission inventory system, developed for acid deposition and regional oxidant modeling, is described, and results for a U.S. emission inventory are presented. For deciduous and coniferous forests, scaling relationships are used to account for canopy effects upon solar radiation temperature, humidity and wind speed as a function of height through the canopy. Leaf temperature is calculated iteratively from a leaf energy balance as a function of height through the canopy. The predicted light and temperature levels are used with mean emprical emission rate factors and laboratory emission algorithms to predict hydrocarbon emission rates. For application to a U.S. inventory, diurnal emission fluxes of isoprene, α-pinene, other monoterpenes adn otehr hydrocarbons are predicted for eight land cover classes by state climatic division by month. The total U.S. emissions range from 22 to 50 Tg yr-1 depending upon the formulation of different emission rate factors. In the case where the forest canopy model is not used, the isoprene emissions increase by 50% and terpene emissions increase by 6%. In case study analyses, the predicted leaf temperatures were within 1-2°C of observed for a deciduous forest, and predicted emissions were within a factor of two of observations. Further evaluation of the inventory using field measurements is required to determine the overall accuracy of the emission estimates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1673-1690
Number of pages18
JournalAtmospheric Environment Part A, General Topics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Aug 1993



  • Biogenic hydrocarbons
  • emission inventory
  • forest canopy
  • isoprene
  • α-pinene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution

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