A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity

Jessica Conroy, Aaron F. Collins, Jonathan T. Overpeck, Mark B. Bush, Julia E. Cole, David J. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Seabirds play an important role in coastal environments, serving as key indicators of marine ecosystem variability as well as biovectors that influence terrestrial productivity and carbon storage. Long-term estimates of seabird populations remain rare, but lakes that support large seabird populations in their watersheds can archive a history of seabird activity in their sediment records. Here we present a seabird guano-influenced sediment record from Genovesa Crater Lake, Galápagos Islands, home to the world's largest reported colony of red-footed boobies (Sula sula) and smaller populations of other species. Influx of seabird guano into Genovesa Crater Lake produces high sedimentary δ15N values, and temporal variability in sediment δ15N primarily reflects changes in guano influx through time. Two abrupt increases in sedimentary δ15N occurred at 1835 AD and 1965 AD, and variance increased following the 1965 AD shift. The largest of these abrupt shifts at 1835 AD coincided, within age model error, with an abrupt increase in marine productivity indicators in sediment records off the coast of Perú and Chile. In the latter part of the twentieth century, δ15N values increased during periods of higher landings of Peruvian anchoveta and sardines. We hypothesise that seabird presence and activity on Genovesa increased during periods of higher regional marine productivity. Enhanced variance in Genovesa δ15N following the 1965 AD shift may reflect a modern population more susceptible to climate and environmental variability than at any other time in the last 400 years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)137-147
Number of pages11
JournalGeo: Geography and Environment
Volume2
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Fingerprint

seabird
productivity
guano
crater lake
increase in productivity
sediment
Chile
Values
twentieth century
climate
marine ecosystem
carbon sequestration
history
coastal zone
watershed
coast
lake
time

Keywords

  • guano
  • nitrogen
  • productivity
  • seabird
  • tropical Pacific

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Global and Planetary Change
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Conroy, J., Collins, A. F., Overpeck, J. T., Bush, M. B., Cole, J. E., & Anderson, D. J. (2015). A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity. Geo: Geography and Environment, 2(2), 137-147. https://doi.org/10.1002/geo2.11

A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity. / Conroy, Jessica; Collins, Aaron F.; Overpeck, Jonathan T.; Bush, Mark B.; Cole, Julia E.; Anderson, David J.

In: Geo: Geography and Environment, Vol. 2, No. 2, 01.07.2015, p. 137-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conroy, Jessica ; Collins, Aaron F. ; Overpeck, Jonathan T. ; Bush, Mark B. ; Cole, Julia E. ; Anderson, David J. / A 400-year isotopic record of seabird response to eastern tropical Pacific productivity. In: Geo: Geography and Environment. 2015 ; Vol. 2, No. 2. pp. 137-147.
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