A 2.5GHz 2.2mW/25μW on/off-state power 2psrms-long-term- jitter digital clock multiplier with 3-reference-cycles power-on time

Tejasvi Anand, Mrunmay Talegaonkar, Amr Elshazly, Brian Young, Pavan Kumar Hanumolu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Modern mobile platforms utilize power cycling to lower power dissipation and increase battery life. By turning off the circuits that are not in use, power cycling provides a viable means to make power dissipation proportional to workload, hence achieving energy proportional operation. The effectiveness of this approach is governed by the turn on/off times, off-state power dissipation, and energy overhead due to power-cycling. Ideally, the circuits must turn on/off in zero time, consume no off-state power, and incur minimal energy overhead during on-to-off and off-to-on transitions. Conventional clock multipliers implemented using phase-locked loops (PLLs) present the biggest bottleneck in achieving these performance goals due to their long locking times. Even if the PLL is frequency locked, the slow phase acquisition process limits the power-on time [1-2]. Techniques such as dynamic phase-error compensation [3], edge-missing compensation [4], and hybrid PLLs [5] improve the phase acquisition time to at best few hundred reference cycles. However, such improvements are inadequate to make best use of power-cycling. Multiplying injection-locked oscillators (MILO) are shown to lock faster than PLLs, but suffer from conflicting requirements on injection strength to simultaneously achieve low jitter and fast locking. Increasing the injection strength extends lock range and reduces locking time, but severely degrades the deterministic jitter performance [6]. In view of these drawbacks, we propose a highly digital clock multiplier that seeks to achieve low jitter, fast locking, and near-zero off-state power. By using a highly scalable digital architecture with accurate frequency presetting and instantaneous phase acquisition, the prototype 8×/16× clock multiplier achieves 10ns (3 reference cycles) power-on time, 2psrms long-term absolute jitter, less than 25μW off-state power, 12pJ energy overhead for on/off transition, and 2.2mW on-state power at 2.5GHz output frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2013 - Digest of Technical Papers
Number of pages2
StatePublished - Apr 29 2013
Externally publishedYes
Event2013 60th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2013 - San Francisco, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2013Feb 21 2013

Publication series

NameDigest of Technical Papers - IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference
ISSN (Print)0193-6530


Other2013 60th IEEE International Solid-State Circuits Conference, ISSCC 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco, CA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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