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2019

A modern C++ parallel task programming library

Lin, C. X., Huang, T. W., Guo, G. & Wong, M. D. F., Oct 15 2019, MM 2019 - Proceedings of the 27th ACM International Conference on Multimedia. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, p. 2284-2287 4 p. (MM 2019 - Proceedings of the 27th ACM International Conference on Multimedia).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Parallel programming
Application programming interfaces (API)
Concurrency control
Multimedia systems
Software design

An efficient and composable parallel task programming library

Lin, C. X., Huang, T. W., Guo, G. & Wong, M. D. F., Sep 2019, 2019 IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference, HPEC 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 8916447. (2019 IEEE High Performance Extreme Computing Conference, HPEC 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Parallel programming
Seats
Application programming interfaces (API)
Learning algorithms
Learning systems

CPP-taskflow: Fast task-based parallel programming using modern C++

Huang, T. W., Lin, C. X., Guo, G. & Wong, M., May 2019, Proceedings - 2019 IEEE 33rd International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 974-983 10 p. 8821011. (Proceedings - 2019 IEEE 33rd International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, IPDPS 2019).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Parallel programming
Data structures
Learning systems
Decomposition
Programming

DtCraft: A High-Performance Distributed Execution Engine at Scale

Huang, T. W., Lin, C. X. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 2019, In : IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. 38, 6, p. 1070-1083 14 p., 8355904.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Engines
Concurrency control
Distributed computer systems
Fault tolerance
Electric sparks

INVITED: Essential building blocks for creating an open-source EDA project

Huang, T-W., Lin, C. X., Guo, G. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 2 2019, Proceedings of the 56th Annual Design Automation Conference 2019, DAC 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., a78. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Design Automation
Open Source
Building Blocks
Electronics
Parallel programming

Late breaking results: Distributed timing analysis at scale

Huang, T-W., Lin, C. X. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 2 2019, Proceedings of the 56th Annual Design Automation Conference 2019, DAC 2019. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., a229. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Timing Analysis
Timing circuits
Fault-tolerant Control
Robust control
Resource Management

Optimization of Liquid Cooling MicroChannel in 3D IC using Complete Converging and Diverging Channel Models

Hwang, L. K., Kwon, B. & Wong, M. D. F., May 2019, Proceedings of the 18th InterSociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, ITherm 2019. IEEE Computer Society, p. 1197-1203 7 p. 8757254. (InterSociety Conference on Thermal and Thermomechanical Phenomena in Electronic Systems, ITHERM; vol. 2019-May).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Microchannels
Cooling
Liquids
Computer simulation
Heat resistance
2018

Accelerate analytical placement with GPU: A generic approach

Lin, C. X. & Wong, M. D. F., Apr 19 2018, Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 1345-1350 6 p. (Proceedings of the 2018 Design, Automation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, DATE 2018; vol. 2018-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Resource allocation
Program processors
Data storage equipment
Networks (circuits)
Graphics processing unit

Accurate models for optimizing tapered microchannel heat sinks in 3D ICs

Hwang, L., Kwon, B. & Wong, M. D. F., Aug 7 2018, Proceedings - 2018 IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 58-63 6 p. 8429342. (Proceedings of IEEE Computer Society Annual Symposium on VLSI, ISVLSI; vol. 2018-July).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Heat sinks
Microchannels
Cooling
Computer simulation
Nusselt number

A distributed power grid analysis framework from sequential stream graph

Lin, C. X., Huang, T. W., Yu, T. & Wong, M. D. F., May 30 2018, GLSVLSI 2018 - Proceedings of the 2018 Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI. Association for Computing Machinery, p. 183-188 6 p. (Proceedings of the ACM Great Lakes Symposium on VLSI, GLSVLSI).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Distributed computer systems
Scheduling
Decomposition
Hardware
Industry

A general-purpose distributed programming system using data-parallel streams

Huang, T-W., Lin, C. X., Guo, G. & Wong, M. D. F., Oct 15 2018, MM 2018 - Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Multimedia Conference. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, p. 1360-1363 4 p. (MM 2018 - Proceedings of the 2018 ACM Multimedia Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Computer systems programming
Cluster computing
Concurrency control
Multimedia systems
Containers

A highly compressed timing macro-modeling algorithm for hierarchical and incremental timing analysis

Lai, T. Y. & Wong, M. D. F., Feb 20 2018, ASP-DAC 2018 - 23rd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 166-171 6 p. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC; vol. 2018-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Macros
Networks (circuits)
Computer simulation

Grand challenge: MtDetector: A high-performance marine traic detector at stream scale

Lin, C. X., Huang, T-W., Guo, G. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 25 2018, DEBS 2018 - Proceedings of the 12th ACM International Conference on Distributed and Event-Based Systems. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, p. 205-208 4 p.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Detectors
Ships
Throughput
Engines
Neural networks

On coloring rectangular and diagonal grid graphs for multiple patterning lithography

Guo, D., Zhang, H. & Wong, M. D. F., Feb 20 2018, ASP-DAC 2018 - 23rd Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 387-392 6 p. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC; vol. 2018-January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Coloring
Lithography
Printing
Experiments

Routing at compile time

Lin, C. X., Huang, T-W. & Wong, M. D. F., May 9 2018, 2018 19th International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED 2018. IEEE Computer Society, p. 169-175 7 p. (Proceedings - International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED; vol. 2018-March).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Functional programming
Concurrency control
Computer programming
Routers
Computer programming languages
2017

Density driven placement of sub-DSA resolution assistant features (SDRAFs)

Guo, D., Tung, M., Karageorgos, I., Wong, H. S. P. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2017, Design-Process-Technology Co-optimization for Manufacturability XI. Cain, J. P. & Capodieci, L. (eds.). SPIE, 101480E. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 10148).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self-assembly
Self assembly
Placement
self assembly
Defectivity

DtCraft: A distributed execution engine for compute-intensive applications

Huang, T-W., Lin, C. X. & Wong, M. D. F., Dec 13 2017, 2017 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 757-765 9 p. (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD; vol. 2017-November).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Engines
Concurrency control
Distributed computer systems
Fault tolerance
Electric sparks

High-Level Synthesis for side-channel defense

Konigsmark, S. T. C., Chen, D. & Wong, M. D. F., Jul 28 2017, 2017 IEEE 28th International Conference on Application-Specific Systems, Architectures and Processors, ASAP 2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 37-44 8 p. 7995257. (Proceedings of the International Conference on Application-Specific Systems, Architectures and Processors).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Cloud computing
High level synthesis
Internet of things

LibAbs: An Efficient and Accurate Timing Macro-Modeling Algorithm for Large Hierarchical Designs

Lai, T. Y., Huang, T. W. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 18 2017, Proceedings of the 54th Annual Design Automation Conference 2017, DAC 2017. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 65. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference; vol. Part 128280).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Macros
Timing
Modeling
Graph Reduction
Multithreading
2016

A distributed timing analysis framework for large designs

Huang, T. W., Wong, M. D. F., Sinha, D., Kalafala, K. & Venkateswaran, N., Jun 5 2016, Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Design Automation Conference, DAC 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., a116. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference; vol. 05-09-June-2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Timing Analysis
Distributed File System
Circuit Complexity
Design Automation
Network layers

Contact layer decomposition to enable DSA with multi-patterning technique for standard cell based layout

Xiao, Z., Lin, C. X., Wong, M. D. F. & Zhang, H., Mar 7 2016, 2016 21st Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 95-102 8 p. 7427995. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC; vol. 25-28-January-2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self assembly
Decomposition
Lithography
Masks
Costs

Information dispersion for trojan defense through high-level synthesis

Konigsmark, S. T. C., Chen, D. & Wong, M. D. F., Jun 5 2016, Proceedings of the 53rd Annual Design Automation Conference, DAC 2016. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., a87. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference; vol. 05-09-June-2016).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

High-level Synthesis
Internet of Things
Hardware
Entropy Loss
Benchmark

OpenTimer: A high-performance timing analysis tool

Huang, T-W. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 5 2016, 2015 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 895-902 8 p. 7372666. (2015 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Application programming interfaces (API)
User interfaces
Industry
Processing
Electronic design automation

Performance evaluation considering mask misalignment in multiple patterning decomposition

Tian, H. & Wong, M. D. F., May 25 2016, Proceedings of the 17th International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED 2016. IEEE Computer Society, p. 192-197 6 p. 7479199. (Proceedings - International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED; vol. 2016-May).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Masks
Capacitance
Decomposition
Lithography
Engineers

PolyPUF: Physically Secure Self-Divergence

Konigsmark, S. T. C., Chen, D. & Wong, M. D. F., Jul 2016, In : IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems. 35, 7, p. 1053-1066 14 p., 7293632.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Learning systems
Authentication
Learning algorithms
Cryptography
Neural networks
Computer aided design
Networks (circuits)
Clocks
Data storage equipment
Silicon
2015

Accelerated path-based timing analysis with MapReduce

Huang, T-W. & Wong, M. D. F., Mar 29 2015, ISPD 2015 - Proceedings of the ACM International Symposium on Physical Design 2015. Association for Computing Machinery, p. 103-110 8 p. (Proceedings of the International Symposium on Physical Design; vol. 29-March-2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Computational complexity
Big data

Accelerating aerial image simulation using improved CPU/GPU collaborative computing

Zhang, F., Hu, C., Wu, P. C., Zhang, H. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2015, In : Computers and Electrical Engineering. 46, p. 176-189 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Computer supported cooperative work
Program processors
Antennas
Lithography
Scheduling

An efficient linear time triple patterning solver

Tian, H., Zhang, H., Xiao, Z. & Wong, M. D. F., Mar 11 2015, 20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 208-213 6 p. 7059006. (20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Patterning
Linear Time
Lithography
Data storage equipment
Graph Model

Contact pitch and location prediction for Directed Self-Assembly template verification

Xiao, Z., Du, Y., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H., Wong, H. S. P. & Zhang, H., Mar 11 2015, 20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 644-651 8 p. 7059081. (20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Contact Hole
Self-assembly
Self assembly
Template
Contact

Fast path-based timing analysis for CPPR

Huang, T. W., Wu, P. C. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 5 2015, 2014 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2014 - Digest of Technical Papers. January ed. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 596-599 4 p. 7001413. (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD; vol. 2015-January, no. January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Networks (circuits)
Clocks
Data storage equipment
Silicon

Layout optimization and template pattern verification for directed self-assembly (DSA)

Xiao, Z., Guo, D., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H., Tung, M. C. & Wong, H. S. P. IP., Jul 24 2015, 2015 52nd ACM/EDAC/IEEE Design Automation Conference, DAC 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 7167384. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference; vol. 2015-July).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self-assembly
Self assembly
Layout
Template
Patterning

Model-based multiple patterning layout decomposition

Guo, D., Tian, H., Du, Y. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2015, Photomask Technology 2015. Hayashi, N., Kasprowicz, B. S., Hayashi, N. & Kasprowicz, B. S. (eds.). SPIE, 963522. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 9635).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Patterning
Lithography
layouts
Layout
lithography

Polynomial time optimal algorithm for stencil row planning in e-beam lithography

Guo, D., Du, Y. & Wong, M. D. F., Mar 11 2015, 20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 658-664 7 p. 7059083. (20th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2015).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

E-beam Lithography
Optimal Algorithm
Lithography
Polynomial-time Algorithm
Planning

Triple patterning aware detailed placement with constrained pattern assignment

Tian, H., Du, Y., Zhang, H., Xiao, Z. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 5 2015, 2014 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2014 - Digest of Technical Papers. January ed. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 116-123 8 p. 7001341. (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD; vol. 2015-January, no. January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Lithography
Wire
Decomposition
Coloring
Refining

UI-Timer: An ultra-fast clock network pessimism removal algorithm

Huang, T. W., Wu, P. C. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 5 2015, 2014 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, ICCAD 2014 - Digest of Technical Papers. January ed. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., p. 758-765 8 p. 7001436. (IEEE/ACM International Conference on Computer-Aided Design, Digest of Technical Papers, ICCAD; vol. 2015-January, no. January).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Clocks
Computer aided design
Networks (circuits)
Data storage equipment
Silicon
2014

CNPUF: A Carbon Nanotube-based Physically Unclonable Function for secure low-energy hardware design

Konigsmark, S. T. C., Hwang, L. K., Chen, D. & Wong, M. D. F., Mar 27 2014, 2014 19th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2014 - Proceedings. p. 73-78 6 p. 6742869. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Carbon nanotubes
Carbon nanotube field effect transistors
Hardware
VLSI circuits
Authentication

Directed self-assembly (DSA) template pattern verification

Xiao, Z., Du, Y., Tian, H., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H., Wong, H. S. P. & Zhang, H., Jan 1 2014, DAC 2014 - 51st Design Automation Conference, Conference Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2593125. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self-assembly
Self assembly
Template
Contact
Learning systems

DSA-Aware detailed routing for via layer optimization

Du, Y., Xiao, Z., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H. & Wong, H. S. P., 2014, Alternative Lithographic Technologies VI. SPIE, Vol. 9049. 90492J

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self-assembly
Self assembly
self assembly
Template
Routing

DSA template optimization for contact layer in 1D standard cell design

Xiao, Z., Du, Y., Tian, H., Wong, M. D. F., Yi, H. & Wong, H. S. P., Jan 1 2014, Alternative Lithographic Technologies VI. SPIE, 904920. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 9049).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Self-assembly
Self assembly
self assembly
Template
templates

Efficient simulation-based optimization of power grid with on-chip voltage regulator

Yu, T. & Wong, M. D. F., Mar 27 2014, 2014 19th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2014 - Proceedings. p. 531-536 6 p. 6742946. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Voltage regulators
SPICE

Hybrid lithography for triple patterning decomposition and E-beam lithography

Tian, H., Zhang, H., Xiao, Z. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2014, Optical Microlithography XXVII. SPIE, 90520P. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; vol. 9052).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

E-beam Lithography
Patterning
Lithography
lithography
Decomposition

ICCAD roundtable the many challenges of triple patterning [ICCAD Roundtable]

Joyner, W., Kawa, J., Liebmann, L., Pan, D. Z., Wong, M. & Yeh, D., Aug 2014, In : IEEE Design and Test. 31, 4, p. 52-58 7 p., 6874606.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Self assembly
Light sources
Wavelength

On timing closure: Buffer insertion for hold-violation removal

Wu, P. C., Wong, M. D. F., Nedelchev, I., Bhardwaj, S. & Parkhe, V., Jan 1 2014, DAC 2014 - 51st Design Automation Conference, Conference Proceedings. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2593171. (Proceedings - Design Automation Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Product design
Linear programming
Insertion
Buffer
Timing

Optimization of standard cell based detailed placement for 16 nm FinFET process

Du, Y. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2014, Proceedings - Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE 2014. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 6800571. (Proceedings -Design, Automation and Test in Europe, DATE).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Transistors
Degradation
Foundries
Semiconductor devices
Field effect transistors

System-of-PUFs: Multilevel security for embedded systems

Konigsmark, S. T. C., Hwang, L. K., Chen, D. & Wong, M. D. F., Oct 12 2014, 2014 International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2014. Association for Computing Machinery, Inc, a27. (2014 International Conference on Hardware/Software Codesign and System Synthesis, CODES+ISSS 2014).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Embedded systems
Computer systems
Smart meters
Smart cards
Authentication

UI-route: An ultra-fast incremental maze routing algorithm

Huang, T-W., Wu, P. C. & Wong, M. D. F., Jan 1 2014, Proceedings of SLIP - System Level Interconnect Prediction Workshop, SLIP 2014. Association for Computing Machinery, (Proceedings of SLIP - System Level Interconnect Prediction Workshop, SLIP 2014).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Routing algorithms
Networks (circuits)
Processing
Electronic design automation
2013

An ILP-based automatic bus planner for dense PCBs

Pei-Ci Wu, W., Ma, Q. & Wong, M. D. F., May 20 2013, 2013 18th Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC 2013. p. 181-186 6 p. 6509593. (Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, ASP-DAC).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Inductive logic programming (ILP)
Polychlorinated biphenyls
Planning
Decomposition
Routers

A novel and efficient method for power pad placement optimization

Yu, T. & Wong, M. D. F., Jul 5 2013, Proceedings of the 14th International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED 2013. p. 158-163 6 p. 6523604. (Proceedings - International Symposium on Quality Electronic Design, ISQED).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Iterative methods
Simulated annealing
Lithography
Polynomials
Decomposition
Inductive logic programming (ILP)