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Multiple degrees of freedom positioning correction for hybrid simulation

Chang, C. M., Frankie, T. M., Spencer, B. F. & Kuchma, D. A., Feb 17 2015, In : Journal of Earthquake Engineering. 19, 2, p. 277-296 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

positioning
Elastic deformation
simulation
Monitoring
monitoring system

Multiscale random fields-based damage modeling and analysis of concrete structures

Zhou, H., Li, J. & Spencer, B. F., Jul 1 2019, In : Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 145, 7, 04019045.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Concrete construction
Concretes
Finite element method
Forms (concrete)
Cantilever beams

Nature of seismic control force in acceleration feedback

Asai, T., Spencer, B. F., Iemura, H. & Chang, C. M., May 1 2013, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 20, 5, p. 789-803 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Force control
Feedback
Stiffness
Acceleration control
State feedback

NEES integrated seismic risk assessment framework (NISRAF)

Lin, S. L., Li, J., Elnashai, A. S. & Spencer, B. F., Nov 1 2012, In : Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. 42, p. 219-228 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

risk assessment process
earthquakes
Risk assessment
Earthquakes
risk assessment

New stochastic approach of vehicle energy dissipation on nondeformable rough pavements

Kim, R. E., Kang, S., Spencer, B. F., Al-Qadi, I. L. & Ozer, H., Apr 1 2017, In : Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 143, 4, 04016118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavements
Energy dissipation
Surface roughness
Vehicle suspensions
White noise

Numerical and experimental investigation of a highly effective single-sided vibro-impact non-linear energy sink for shock mitigation

Al-Shudeifat, M. A., Wierschem, N., Quinn, D. D., Vakakis, A. F., Bergman, L. & Spencer, B. F., Mar 25 2013, In : International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics. 52, p. 96-109 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Numerical Investigation
Experimental Investigation
Shock
Stiffness
Damping

Numerical and experimental study of the performance of a single-sided vibro-impact track nonlinear energy sink

Wang, J., Wierschem, N., Spencer, B. F. & Lu, X., Apr 10 2016, In : Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 45, 4, p. 635-652 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Excitation energy
Electron energy levels
Frequency response
Analytical models
Energy dissipation

Numerical and hybrid analysis of a curved bridge and methods of numerical model calibration

Abdelnaby, A. E., Frankie, T. M., Elnashai, A. S., Spencer, B. F., Kuchma, D. A., Silva, P. & Chang, C. M., Jul 1 2014, In : Engineering Structures. 70, p. 234-245 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Numerical models
Calibration
Bridge piers
Concrete bridges
Piers

Optimization of damped outrigger systems subject to stochastic excitation

Fang, C., Spencer, B. F., Xu, J., Tan, P. & Zhou, F., Jul 15 2019, In : Engineering Structures. 191, p. 280-291 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tall buildings
White noise
Equations of motion
Damping
Genetic algorithms

Optimization of Structures Subject to Stochastic Dynamic Loading

Xu, J., Spencer, B. F., Lu, X., Chen, X. & Lu, L., Aug 2017, In : Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. 32, 8, p. 657-673 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Structural optimization

Parametric time-domain identification of multiple-input systems using decoupled output signals

Li, J., Ruiz-Sandoval, M., Spencer, B. F. & Elnashai, A. S., Jul 25 2014, In : Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics. 43, 9, p. 1307-1324 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

civil engineering
Identification (control systems)
MIMO systems
identification method
structural response

Passive damping enhancement of a two-degree-of-freedom system through a strongly nonlinear two-degree-of-freedom attachment

Wierschem, N. E., Quinn, D. D., Hubbard, S. A., Al-Shudeifat, M. A., McFarland, D. M., Luo, J., Fahnestock, L. A., Spencer, B. F., Vakakis, A. F. & Bergman, L. A., Dec 3 2012, In : Journal of Sound and Vibration. 331, 25, p. 5393-5407 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Degrees of freedom (mechanics)
Energy transfer
attachment
absorbers
degrees of freedom
Steel
Gravitation

Performance-based optimization of nonlinear structures subject to stochastic dynamic loading

Xu, J., Spencer, B. F. & Lu, X., Mar 1 2017, In : Engineering Structures. 134, p. 334-345 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Earthquakes
Structural optimization
White noise
Linearization
Nonlinear equations

Performance validations of semiactive controllers on large-scale moment-resisting frame equipped with 200-kN MR damper using real-time hybrid simulations

Cha, Y. J., Agrawal, A. K., Friedman, A., Phillips, B., Ahn, R., Dong, B., Dyke, S. J., Spencer, B. F., Ricles, J. & Christenson, R., Oct 1 2014, In : Journal of Structural Engineering (United States). 140, 10, 04014066.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Controllers
Steel
Force control
Energy dissipation
Earthquakes

Post-earthquake modelling of transportation networks

Chang, L., Elnashai, A. S. & Spencer, B. F., Oct 1 2012, In : Structure and Infrastructure Engineering. 8, 10, p. 893-911 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Earthquakes
earthquake
modeling
travel demand
methodology

Probabilistic assessment of high-throughput wireless sensor networks

Kim, R. E., Mechitov, K., Sim, S. H., Spencer, B. F. & Song, J., Jun 2016, In : Sensors (Switzerland). 16, 6, 792.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smart sensors
Sensor networks
Wireless sensor networks
Throughput
Structural health monitoring

Probabilistic model for length effect on fatigue life of longitudinal elements

Lan, C., Bai, N., Yang, H., Liu, C., Li, H. & Spencer, B. F., Sep 2018, In : Fatigue and Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures. 41, 9, p. 1948-1962 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fatigue of materials
Wire
High strength steel
Statistical Models
Random variables

Railroad bridge monitoring using wireless smart sensors

Moreu, F., Kim, R. E. & Spencer, B. F., Feb 1 2017, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 24, 2, e1863.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Railroad bridges
Smart sensors
Monitoring
Railroads
Inspection

Realization of a strongly nonlinear vibration-mitigation device using elastomeric bumpers

Luo, J., Wierschem, N. E., Fahnestock, L. A., Bergman, L. A., Spencer, B. F., Al-Shudeifat, M., McFarland, D. M., Quinn, D. D. & Vakakis, A. F., 2014, In : Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 140, 5, 04014009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Stiffness
Testing

Real-time fast damage detection of shear structures with random base excitation

An, Y., Spencer, B. F. & Ou, J., Jul 30 2015, In : Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation. 74, p. 92-102 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Damage detection
shear
damage
excitation
Model structures

Real-time hybrid simulation for structural control performance assessment

Carrion, J. E., Spencer, B. F. & Phillips, B. M., Jan 1 2010, In : Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration. 8, 4, p. 481-492 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

structural control
performance assessment
Actuators
simulation
Earthquakes

Real-time hybrid simulation of a smart base-isolated building

Asai, T., Chang, C. M. & Spencer, B. F., Mar 1 2015, In : Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 141, 3, 04014128.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bearings (structural)
Real time systems
Hybrid systems
Earthquakes
Actuators

Real-time hybrid simulation of a smart outrigger damping system for high-rise buildings

Asai, T., Chang, C. M., Phillips, B. M. & Spencer, B. F., Dec 1 2013, In : Engineering Structures. 57, p. 177-188 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Damping
Earthquakes
Energy dissipation
Real time systems
Computer simulation

Real-time hybrid testing of semiactive control strategies for vibration reduction in a structure with MR damper

Zapateiro, M., Karimi, H. R., Luo, N. & Spencer, B. F., Jun 1 2010, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 17, 4, p. 427-451 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Controllers
Backstepping
Testing
Vibration control
Time delay

Real-time hybrid testing with equivalent force control method incorporating Kalman filter

Shi, P., Wu, B., Spencer, B. F., Phillips, B. M. & Chang, C. M., Apr 1 2016, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 23, 4, p. 735-748 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Force control
Kalman filters
Testing
Time delay
Feedback control

Recent advances in wireless smart sensors for multi-scale monitoring and control of civil infrastructure

Spencer, B. F., Jo, H., Mechitov, K. A., Li, J., Sim, S. H., Kim, R. E., Cho, S., Linderman, L. E., Moinzadeh, P., Giles, R. K. & Agha, G., Feb 1 2016, In : Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring. 6, 1, p. 17-41 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smart sensors
Monitoring
Structural health monitoring
Arsenals
Hardware

Reference channel selection strategy in system identification of bridge structure

Zhang, Y. X., Sim, S. H., Spencer, B. F. & Xiao, J., Dec 1 2011, In : Zhendong yu Chongji/Journal of Vibration and Shock. 30, 12, p. 181-184 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

bridges (structures)
system identification
Identification (control systems)
Cable stayed bridges
Sensors

Reference-Free Displacements for Condition Assessment of Timber Railroad Bridges

Moreu, F., Li, J., Jo, H., Kim, R. E., Scola, S., Spencer, B. F. & Lafave, J. M., Feb 1 2016, In : Journal of Bridge Engineering. 21, 2, 04015052.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Railroad bridges
Timber
Railroads
Smart sensors
Inspection

Reference-free structural dynamic displacement estimation method

Gomez, F., Park, J. W. & Spencer, B. F., Aug 2018, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 25, 8, e2209.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Structural dynamics
Railroad bridges
FIR filters
Timber
Simulators

Refined safety assessment of steel grid structures with crooked tubular members

Liu, Y. F., Liu, X. G., Fan, J. S., Spencer, B. F., Wei, X. C., Kong, S. Y. & Guo, X. H., Mar 2019, In : Automation in Construction. 99, p. 249-264 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel
Bearing capacity
Roofs
Loads (forces)
Structural members

Reliable multi-hop communication for structural health monitoring

Nagayama, T., Moinzadeh, P., Mechitov, K., Ushita, M., Makihata, N., Leiri, M., Agha, G. A., Spencer, B. F., Fujino, Y. & Seo, J. W., Jul 1 2010, In : Smart Structures and Systems. 6, 5-6, p. 481-504 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Structural health monitoring
Communication
Network protocols
Smart sensors
Sensor networks

Response attenuation in a large-scale structure subjected to blast excitation utilizing a system of essentially nonlinear vibration absorbers

Wierschem, N. E., Hubbard, S. A., Luo, J., Fahnestock, L. A., Spencer, B. F., McFarland, D. M., Quinn, D. D., Vakakis, A. F. & Bergman, L. A., Feb 17 2017, In : Journal of Sound and Vibration. 389, p. 52-72 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

blasts
absorbers
Blast resistance
attenuation
vibration

Seismic performance of double-layer spherical reticulated shell with replaceable bar-type dampers

Yang, Y., Spencer, B., Li, Y. & Shen, S., Mar 1 2011, In : International Journal of Space Structures. 26, 1, p. 31-44 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Topology
Seismic response
Dynamic analysis
Failure modes
Damping

Seismic response of extended end plate joints to concrete-filled steel tubular columns

Wang, J., Zhang, L. & Spencer, B. F., Apr 1 2013, In : Engineering Structures. 49, p. 876-892 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Seismic response
Concretes
Steel
Bolts
Failure modes

Semi-active damped outriggers for seismic protection of high-rise buildings

Chang, C. M., Wang, Z., Spencer, B. F. & Chen, Z., May 1 2013, In : Smart Structures and Systems. 11, 5, p. 435-451 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Damping
Magnetorheological fluids
Bending (deformation)
Tall buildings
Flexible structures

Sensitivity-based external calibration of multiaxial loading system

Nakata, N., Spencer, B. F. & Elnashai, A. S., Feb 1 2010, In : Journal of Engineering Mechanics. 136, 2, p. 189-198 10 p., 005002QEM.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Calibration
Actuators
Krypton
Boundary conditions
Wireless sensor networks
Monitoring
Sensors
Gravitation

Sensor fault management techniques for wireless smart sensor networks in structural health monitoring

Fu, Y., Peng, C., Gomez, F., Narazaki, Y. & Spencer, B. F., Jul 2019, In : Structural Control and Health Monitoring. 26, 7, e2362.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smart sensors
Structural health monitoring
Sensor networks
Sensors
Identification (control systems)

Sensor fusion for structural tilt estimation using an acceleration-based tilt sensor and a gyroscope

Liu, C., Park, J. W., Spencer, B. F., Moon, D. S. & Fan, J., Sep 1 2017, In : Smart Materials and Structures. 26, 10, 105005.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

multisensor fusion
Gyroscopes
gyroscopes
Fusion reactions
sensors

Shake Table Tests of Tall-Pier Bridges to Evaluate Seismic Performance

Chen, X., Guan, Z., Li, J. & Spencer, B. F., Sep 1 2018, In : Journal of Bridge Engineering. 23, 9, 04018058.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bridge piers
Piers
Plastics
Seismic design
Ductility

Simulation of ground penetrating radar on dispersive media by a finite element time domain algorithm

Liu, H., Xing, B., Wang, H., Cui, J. & Spencer, B. F., Nov 2019, In : Journal of Applied Geophysics. 170, 103821.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ground penetrating radar
radar data
simulation
absorbing boundary
geometry

Simultaneous estimation of rebar diameter and cover thickness by a GPR-EMI dual sensor

Zhou, F., Chen, Z., Liu, H., Cui, J., Spencer, B. F. & Fang, G., Sep 6 2018, In : Sensors (Switzerland). 18, 9, 2969.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radar
ground penetrating radar
Electromagnetic induction
Electromagnetic Phenomena
induction

Stochastic analysis of energy dissipation of a half-car model on nondeformable rough pavement

Kim, R. E., Kang, S., Spencer, B. F., Ozer, H. & Al-Qadi, I. L., Jan 1 2017, In : Journal of Transportation Engineering Part B: Pavements. 143, 4, 04017016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pavements
Energy dissipation
Railroad cars
energy
energy consumption
Rolling resistance
Light trailers
Fuel consumption
Energy dissipation
Trucks

Stochastic DLV method for steel truss structures: Simulation and experiment

An, Y., Ou, J., Li, J. & Spencer, B. F., Aug 2014, In : Smart Structures and Systems. 14, 2, p. 105-128 24 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Steel structures
Experiments
Steel bridges
Computer simulation
Sensors

Stochastic optimisation of buckling restrained braced frames under seismic loading

Xu, J., Fermandois, G. A., Spencer, B. F. & Lu, X., Oct 3 2018, In : Structure and Infrastructure Engineering. 14, 10, p. 1386-1401 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

buckling
Buckling
structural response
white noise
ductility

Structural Displacement Measurement Using an Unmanned Aerial System

Yoon, H., Shin, J. & Spencer, B. F., Mar 2018, In : Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering. 33, 3, p. 183-192 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Displacement measurement
Cameras
Antennas
Structural health monitoring
Bridge clearances

Structural health monitoring of a cable-stayed bridge using smart sensor technology: Deployment and evaluation

Jang, S., Jo, H., Cho, S., Mechitov, K., Rice, J. A., Sim, S. H., Jung, H. J., Yun, C. B., Spencer, B. F. & Agha, G. A., Jul 1 2010, In : Smart Structures and Systems. 6, 5-6, p. 439-459 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smart sensors
Cable stayed bridges
Structural health monitoring
Sensor networks
Base stations

Structural health monitoring of a cable-stayed bridge using wireless smart sensor technology: Data analyses

Cho, S., Jo, H., Jang, S., Park, J., Jung, H. J., Yun, C. B., Spencer, B. F. & Seo, J. W., Jul 1 2010, In : Smart Structures and Systems. 6, 5-6, p. 461-480 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Smart sensors
Cable stayed bridges
Structural health monitoring
Sensor networks
Cables