84. Pathological familiarity and false recognition: A case study

A. S. Benjamin, J. D. Kester, F. I.M. Craik, S. Black

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report the results of two tests in a left frontal patient (JM) who had frequent experiences of familiarity that were not grounded in actual experience. The first experiment examined recognition of pictures that were differentially related to studied pictures. JM showed a normal function relating degree of association to false recognition. Overall, however, her false-alarm rate (FAR) was much higher than for control subjects, indicating a different basis for her decisions. In the second experiment, each distractor during the recognition test was presented twice, with different lags separating the two presentations. The control subjects showed an increase in FAR with increasing lag, but JM showed a decrease. These results are interpreted in the context of dual-process theories of recognition and the role of the frontal lobes in such tasks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-313
Number of pages4
JournalBrain and Cognition
Volume47
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Benjamin, A. S., Kester, J. D., Craik, F. I. M., & Black, S. (2001). 84. Pathological familiarity and false recognition: A case study. Brain and Cognition, 47(1-2), 310-313.