500 days of SN 2013dy: Spectra and photometry from the ultraviolet to the infrared

Y. C. Pan, R. J. Foley, M. Kromer, O. D. Fox, W. Zheng, P. Challis, K. I. Clubb, A. V. Filippenko, G. Folatelli, M. L. Graham, W. Hillebrandt, R. P. Kirshner, W. H. Lee, R. Pakmor, F. Patat, M. M. Phillips, G. Pignata, F. Röpke, I. Seitenzahl, J. M. SilvermanJ. D. Simon, A. Sternberg, M. D. Stritzinger, S. Taubenberger, J. Vinko, J. C. Wheeler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SN 2013dy is a Type Ia supernova (SN Ia) for which we have compiled an extraordinary data set spanning from 0.1 to ~ 500 d after explosion. We present 10 epochs of ultraviolet (UV) through near-infrared (NIR) spectra with Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, 47 epochs of optical spectra (15 of them having high resolution), and more than 500 photometric observations in the BVrRiIZYJH bands. SN 2013dy has a broad and slowly declining light curve (Δm15(B)=0.92 mag), shallow Si II λ6355 absorption, and a low velocity gradient. We detect strong C II in our earliest spectra, probing unburned progenitor material in the outermost layers of the SN ejecta, but this feature fades within a few days. The UV continuum of SN 2013dy, which is strongly affected by the metal abundance of the progenitor star, suggests that SN 2013dy had a relatively high-metallicity progenitor. Examining one of the largest single set of high-resolution spectra for an SN Ia, we find no evidence of variable absorption from circumstellar material. Combining our UV spectra, NIR photometry, and high-cadence optical photometry, we construct a bolometric light curve, showing that SN 2013dy had a maximum luminosity of 10.0+4.8 -3.8 × 1042 erg s-1. We compare the synthetic light curves and spectra of several models to SN 2013dy, finding that SN 2013dy is in good agreement with a solar-metallicity W7 model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4307-4325
Number of pages19
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume452
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 16 2015

Keywords

  • Supernovae: general
  • Supernovae: individual: SN 2013dy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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