4He adsorption on a single graphene sheet: Path-integral Monte Carlo study

Yongkyung Kwon, David M. Ceperley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have performed path-integral Monte Carlo calculations to study 4He adsorption on a single graphene sheet. The 4He-substrate interaction was assumed to be a pairwise sum of the helium-carbon potentials constructed by Carlos and Cole to fit helium scattering data from a graphite surface. We employed both an anisotropic 6-12 Lennard-Jones potential and a spherical 6-12 potential. For both potentials, the first 4He layer has the C 1/3 commensurate structure at a surface density of 0.0636 -2. Vacancy states created in the C 1/3 commensurate solid, however, behave differently depending on the 4He-substrate interaction: a cluster of localized vacancies are formed with the fully anisotropic 6-12 pair potentials while mobile vacancies are found to induce finite superfluid fractions with the substrate potential based on only the isotropic parts of the inter-atomic pair potentials. For the second helium layer we find that exchange among 4He adatoms results in quantum melting of a C 7/12 commensurate structure, which is registered to a first-layer triangular solid. The possible stabilization of this commensurate structure with the addition of 3He impurities is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number224501
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number22
StatePublished - Jun 4 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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