3D swept hybrid wing design method for icing wind tunnel tests

Gustavo E.C. Fujiwara, Brock D. Wiberg, Brian S. Woodard, Michael B. Bragg

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A 3D swept hybrid wing design method using hybrid airfoils is presented for the purpose of icing wind tunnel testing of large commercial aircraft. Hybrid airfoils are those that present the same leading-edge geometry of the full-scale aircraft wing with a redesigned truncated aft section, to reproduce full-scale flowfield and ice accretion with reduced chord. The effects of tunnel sidewalls, model sweep angle, aspect ratio, and wind tunnel blockage are presented. Attachment line location is used as a first-order parameter for matching full-scale ice shapes, and methods for controlling its spanwise variation are assessed including the use of gap between model and tunnel wall, aerodynamic twist, and segmented flaps. Finally, model design tradeoffs are presented between competing performance parameters such as full-scale ice accretion agreement, wind tunnel load/speed limits, and model manufacturing/operational complexity.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


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