3D real-time volumetric particle tracking velocimetry – A promising tool for studies of airflow around high-rise buildings

Yu Zhao, Xiaojun Ma, Chengbin Zhang, Haoyu Wang, Yuanhui Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Airflow patterns around high-rise buildings affect building wind environment (BWE) including infiltration/exfiltration, heating/cooling loads and internal environment. Scaled high-rise building models are usually placed in a wind tunnel to study BWE. However, measuring 3D flow patterns around scaled high-rise buildings in real-time is a challenge. In this study, a 3D real-time Volumetric Particle Tracking Velocimetry (VPTV) system was used to measure the airflows around three different scaled-building setups: single building, double building parallel to the wind, and double building perpendicular to the wind. Trajectories in Lagrangian coordinates system were tracked and then interpolated to generate 3D Eulerian description of the flow field. In this study, the relative errors of velocities measured by VPTV were smaller than 2% for magnitudes range from 0.025 m/s to 2.2 m/s. The local velocity magnitudes measured by hot-wire anemometer and CFD at selected positions were compared with VPTV measurement with relative error 26.2% and 16.3% respectively. Finally, measured streamlines and reattachment lengths were compared with CFD simulation at selected plane. Results show that the VPTV system is capable of capturing detailed and accurate data of airflow around scaled high-rise building models.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106930
JournalBuilding and Environment
Volume178
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Building wind environment
  • Flow pattern measurement
  • Real-time
  • Volumetric particle tracking velocimetry (VPTV)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction

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