3D-FDTD-PML analysis of left-handed metamaterials

Davi Correia, Jianming Jin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing interest in negative-index metamaterials requires a formulation capable of a full analysis of wave propagation in such materials. Since two-dimensional (2D) problems have been largely explored In the literature, the natural step is a three-dimensional (3D) formulation of a metamaterial. In this work, we present a simulation of a left-handed metamaterial using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method in conjunction with perfectly matched layers (PMLs). First, we develop a PML to work with a Drude medium model. Then we apply our formulation to a 3D domain and compare our results with 2D problems. Finally, we simulate a dipole on the top of a metamaterial slab, presenting the field distribution in three different directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)201-205
Number of pages5
JournalMicrowave and Optical Technology Letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 5 2004


  • 3D-FDTD method
  • Left-handed metamaterials
  • Negative index of refraction
  • PML

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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