3D anisotropic thermal conductivity of exfoliated rhenium disulfide

Hyejin Jang, Christopher R. Ryder, Joshua D. Wood, Mark C. Hersam, David G. Cahill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

ReS2 represents a different class of 2D materials, which is characterized by low symmetry having 1D metallic chains within the planes and extremely weak interlayer bonding. Here, the thermal conductivity of single-crystalline ReS2 in a distorted 1T phase is determined at room temperature for the in-plane directions parallel and perpendicular to the Re-chains, and the through-plane direction using time-domain thermoreflectance. ReS2 is prepared in the form of flakes having thicknesses of 60–450 nm by micromechanical exfoliation, and their crystalline orientations are identified by polarized Raman spectroscopy. The in-plane thermal conductivity is higher along the Re-chains, (70 ± 18) W m−1 K−1, as compared to transverse to the chains, (50 ± 13) W m−1 K−1. As expected from the weak interlayer bonding, the through-plane thermal conductivity is the lowest observed to date for 2D materials, (0.55 ± 0.07) W m−1 K−1, resulting in a remarkably high anisotropy of (130 ± 40) and (90 ± 30) for the two in-plane directions. The thermal conductivity and interface thermal conductance of ReS2 are discussed relative to the other 2D materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1700650
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume29
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • 2D materials
  • ReS
  • Rhenium disulfide
  • TDTR
  • Thermal conductivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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