3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase is present in peroxisomes in normal rat liver cells

G. A. Keller, M. C. Barton, D. J. Shapiro, S. J. Singer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The location inside rat liver parenchymal cells of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA reductase; EC 1.1.1.34), the key regulatory enzyme in cholesterol biosynthesis, has been examined by immunoelectron microscopy and by subcellular fractionation. Although HMG-CoA reductase is generally thought to be exclusively a microsomal enzyme, we find that a substantial portion of cellular HMG-CoA reductase is localized in peroxisomes. Immunoelectron microscopic labeling of ultrathin frozen sections of normal rat liver, using two monoclonal antibodies to purified HMG-CoA reductase, showed that the enzyme is present in the peroxisomes at a higher concentration than at any other site inside the hepatocytes. Subcellular fractionation studies using Percoll and metrizamide gradients demonstrated a close correspondence of peaks of HMG-CoA reductase activity and of catalase activity, again revealing the presence of the reductase enzyme in peroxisomes. HMG-CoA reductase is therefore localized in peroxisomes in addition to being in the microsomal fraction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)770-774
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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