24μm excesses of hot WDs - Evidence of dust disks?

Jana Bilikova, You Hua Chu, Kate Su, Robert Gruendl, Thomas Rauch, Orsola De Marco, Kevin Volk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Spitzer Space Telescope observations of the Helix Nebula's hot (T eff 110 000 K) central star revealed mid-IR excess emission consistent with a continuum emission from a dust disk located at 35-150 AU from the central white dwarf (WD), and the dust is most likely produced by collisions among Kuiper Belt-like objects (Su et al. 2007). To determine how common such dust disks are, we have carried out a Spitzer 24 μm survey of 72 hot WDs, and detected at least 7 WDs that exhibit clear IR excess, all of them still surrounded by planetary nebulae (PNe). Inspired by the prevalence of PN environment for hot WDs showing IR excesses, we have surveyed the Spitzer archive for more central stars of PN (CSPNs) with IR excesses; the search yields four cases in which CSPNs show excesses in 3.6-8.0 μm, and one additional case of 24 μm excess. We present the results of these two searches for dust-disk candidates, and discuss scenarios other than KBO collisions that need to be considered in explaining the observed near and/or mid-IR excess emission. These scenarios include unresolved companions, binary post-AGB evolution, and unresolved compact nebulosity. We describe planned follow-up observations aiming to help us distinguish between different origins of observed IR excesses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number012055
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume172
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

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dust
stars
Kuiper belt
Space Infrared Telescope Facility
collisions
planetary nebulae
nebulae
helices
continuums

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

24μm excesses of hot WDs - Evidence of dust disks? / Bilikova, Jana; Chu, You Hua; Su, Kate; Gruendl, Robert; Rauch, Thomas; De Marco, Orsola; Volk, Kevin.

In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, Vol. 172, 012055, 01.01.2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bilikova, Jana ; Chu, You Hua ; Su, Kate ; Gruendl, Robert ; Rauch, Thomas ; De Marco, Orsola ; Volk, Kevin. / 24μm excesses of hot WDs - Evidence of dust disks?. In: Journal of Physics: Conference Series. 2009 ; Vol. 172.
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