2014 consensus statement from the first economics of physical inactivity consensus (EPIC) conference (Vancouver)

Jennifer C. Davis, Evert Verhagen, Stirling Bryan, Teresa Liu-Ambrose, Jeff Borland, David Buchner, Marike R.C. Hendriks, Richard Weiler, James R. Morrow, Willem Van Mechelen, Steven N. Blair, Mike Pratt, Johann Windt, Hashel Al-Tunaiji, Erin Macri, Karim M. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article describes major topics discussed from the 'Economics of Physical Inactivity Consensus Workshop' (EPIC), held in Vancouver, Canada, in April 2011. Specifically, we (1) detail existing evidence on effective physical inactivity prevention strategies; (2) introduce economic evaluation and its role in health policy decisions; (3) discuss key challenges in establishing and building health economic evaluation evidence (including accurate and reliable costs and clinical outcome measurement) and (4) provide insight into interpretation of economic evaluations in this critically important field. We found that most methodological challenges are related to (1) accurately and objectively valuing outcomes; (2) determining meaningful clinically important differences in objective measures of physical inactivity; (3) estimating investment and disinvestment costs and (4) addressing barriers to implementation. We propose that guidelines specific for economic evaluations of physical inactivity intervention studies are developed to ensure that related costs and effects are robustly, consistently and accurately measured. This will also facilitate comparisons among future economic evidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)947-951
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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