1816, The Year Without a Summer

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The so-called “Year Without a Summer”—1816—belongs to a three-year period of severe climate deterioration of global scope caused by the eruption of Mt. Tambora in Indonesia in April, 1815. With plummeting temperatures, and disruption to major weather systems, human communities across the globe faced crop failures, epidemic disease, and civil unrest on a catastrophic scale. In cultural terms, the dreary summer of 1816 is best known as the setting for Mary Shelley’s writing of Frankenstein, a novel whose iconic Creature offers a figure for the millions of hungry and dispossessed of Europe during the protracted climate emergency that followed Tambora’s eruption.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History
EditorsDino Franco Felluga
StatePublished - 2012

Publication series

NameRomanticism and Victorianism on the Net


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