1α-hydroxycholecalciferol has little effect on phytate phosphorus utilization in laying hen diets

J. L. Snow, M. E. Persia, P. E. Biggs, D. H. Baker, C. M. Parsons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Previous research in our laboratory demonstrated marked increases in phytate P utilization when P-deficient corn-soybean meal diets were supplemented with 1a-hydroxycholecalciferol [1α-(OH) D3] and fed to chicks. Our objective was to determine if 1α-(OH) D3 would improve phytate P utilization when supplemented to vitamin D-adequate laying hen diets. The five experimental treatments were 1) P-deficient corn-soybean basal diet [17% CP, 3.8% Ca, and 0.10% nonphytate NPP)], 2) basal with 2.5 μg/kg 1μ-(OH) D3, 3) basal with 5 μg/kg 1α-(OH) D3, 4) basal with 10 μg/kg 1μ-(OH) D3, and 5) basal with 0.35% supplemental inorganic P (0.45% NPP, positive control). Diets were fed to six replicate groups of 12 HyLine W-98 White Leghorn laying hens from 44 to 52 wk of age. Hen-day egg production was significantly depressed by 47 wk of age for the basal diet treatment and by 47, 49, and 48 wk of age, respectively, for the 2.5, 5, and 10 μg/kg of 1α-(OH) D3 treatments compared to the positive control diet. Supplementation with 5 or 10 μg/kg 1α-(OH) D3 did improve (P < 0.05) egg production, but egg production for those treatments was much lower than that for the 0.45% NPP treatment. Our results indicate that 1α-(OH) D3 did not substantially improve P utilization in laying hens fed corn-soybean meal diets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1792-1795
Number of pages4
JournalPoultry science
Volume82
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2003

Keywords

  • Cholecalciferol
  • Laying hen
  • Phosphorus
  • Phytate
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

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