π-Complexes of metalloporphyrins as model intermediates in hydrodemetallation (HDM) catalysis

Karen K. Dailey, Thomas B. Rauchfuss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Transition metal porphyrinate complexes, especially those of nickel and vanadium, are removed from heavy petroleum fractions via hydrodemetallation catalysis (HDM). It has been proposed that HDM of metalloporphyrins proceeds via the partial hydrogenation of the porphyrin followed by demetallation. It is likely that the hydrogenation of the metalloporphyrin proceeds via its complexation to a metal center which transfers hydrogen to the porphyrin. In this paper we discuss recent efforts to simulate this important step. In this study we employ Zn(OEP) (OEP = dianion of octaethylporphyrin) as a model porphyrinate and (arene)Ru2+ in the role of an HDM catalyst site. The olive green salt [(cymene)Ru{Zn(OEP)OTf}]OTf (1) was characterized by optical and 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, both of which indicate that the cation has Cs symmetry. A crystallographic study shows that the Ru center is π-bonded to one of the four pyrrolide rings, leading to an elongation of one Zn - N bond. It appears that 1 is similar to zinc complexes of N-methyl-porphyrins. Treatment of 1 with HOTf results affords H4OEP2+ via the intermediacy of a species [(cymene)Ru(HxOEP)]n+. We also prepared the new complex {(C5Me5)Ir[Zn(OEP)OTf]}OTf (2) which is fully analogous to 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3129-3138
Number of pages10
JournalPolyhedron
Volume16
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - 1997

Keywords

  • Fossil fuels
  • Hydrodemetallation
  • Hydrotreating
  • Metalloporphyrins
  • Petroleum
  • Petroporphyrins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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