α7β1-Integrin regulates mechanotransduction and prevents skeletal muscle injury

Marni D. Boppart, Dean J. Burkin, Stephen J. Kaufman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

α7β1-Integrin links laminin in the extracellular matrix with the cell cytoskeleton and therein mediates transduction of mechanical forces into chemical signals. Muscle contraction and stretching ex vivo result in activation of intracellular signaling molecules that are integral to postexercise injury responses. Because α 7β1-integrin stabilizes muscle and provides communication between the matrix and cytoskeleton, the role of this integrin in exercise-induced cell signaling and skeletal muscle damage was assessed in wild-type and transgenic mice overexpressing the α7BX2 chain. We report here that increasing α7β1-integrin inhibits phosphorylation of molecules associated with muscle damage, including the mitogen-activated protein kinases (JNK, p38, and ERK), following downhill running. Likewise, activation of molecules associated with hypertrophy (AKT, mTOR, and p70S6k) was diminished in mice overexpressing integrin. While exercise resulted in Evans blue dye-positive fibers, an index of muscle damage, increased integrin protected mice from injury. Moreover, exercise leads to an increase in α7β1 protein. These experiments provide the first evidence that α7β 1-integrin is a negative regulator of mechanotransduction in vivo and provides resistance to exercise-induced muscle damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C1660-C1665
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume290
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Keywords

  • AKT
  • Downhill running exercise
  • MAP kinase
  • mTOR
  • p70

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology

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