This article examines how Balzacian plots of ambition and ascension are held up as both possibility and impossibility in Maurice Barres's 1897 novel Les Déracinés, where they are subject to repeated, oft en simultaneous citation and denegation. After showing how Barres, through a series of pronouncements about Balzac in his early career, attempts to def ne himself by renouncing this powerful model, I propose that Balzac and his iconic characters, Rastignac first among them, have an effaced but lingering presence in Les Déracinés that might be best described as a haunting. In an article from 1886, Paul Bourget heralds.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Literature and Literary Theory