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Research Output

2001

Development of the phytoplankton community in a pit-lake in relation to water quality changes

Kalin, M., Cao, Y., Smith, M. & Olaveson, M. M., Jan 1 2001, In : Water Research. 35, 13, p. 3215-3225 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Evaluating sampling sufficiency in fish assemblage surveys: A similarity-based approach

Cao, Y., Larsen, D. P. & Hughes, R. M., Jan 1 2001, In : Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 58, 9, p. 1782-1793 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rare species in multivariate analysis for bioassessment: Some considerations

Cao, Y. & Larsen, D. P., Jan 1 2001, In : Journal of the North American Benthological Society. 20, 1, p. 144-153 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

2000

Road salt contamination of groundwater in a major metropolitan area and development of a biological index to monitor its impact

Williams, D. D., Williams, N. E. & Cao, Y., Jan 1 2000, In : Water Research. 34, 1, p. 127-138 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1999

Data transformation and standardization in the multivariate analysis of river water quality

Cao, Y., Williams, D. D. & Williams, N. E., May 1999, In : Ecological Applications. 9, 2, p. 669-677 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

How important are rare species in aquatic community ecology and bioassessment? A comment on the conclusions of Cao et al.

Marchant, R., Cao, Y. & Williams, D. D., 1999, In : Limnology and Oceanography. 44, 7, p. 1840-1842 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

The influence of data transformations on biological monitoring studies using macroinvertebrates

Thorne, R. S. J., Williams, W. P. & Cao, Y., Feb 1999, In : Water Research. 33, 2, p. 343-350 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1998

How important are rare species in aquatic community ecology and bioassessment?

Cao, Y., Williams, D. D. & Williams, N. E., Nov 1998, In : Limnology and Oceanography. 43, 7, p. 1403-1409 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1997

A comparison of clustering methods for river benthic community analysis

Cao, Y., Bark, A. W. & Williams, W. P., Jan 1 1997, In : Hydrobiologia. 347, 1-3, p. 24-40 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Analysing benthic macroinvertebrate community changes along a pollution gradient: A framework for the development of biotic indices

Cao, Y., Bark, A. W. & Williams, W. P., Apr 1997, In : Water Research. 31, 4, p. 884-892 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Effects of sample size (replicate number) on similarity measures in river benthic Aufwuchs community analysis

Cao, Y., Williams, W. P. & Bark, A. W., Jan 1 1997, In : Water Environment Research. 69, 1, p. 107-114 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Similarity measure bias in river benthic Aufwuchs community analysis

Cao, Y., Williams, W. P. & Bark, A. W., Jan 1 1997, In : Water Environment Research. 69, 1, p. 95-106 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Spatial differences in macroinvertebrate community structure in springs in southeastern Ontario in relation to their chemical and physical environments

Williams, D. D., Williams, N. E. & Cao, Y., Jan 1 1997, In : Canadian journal of zoology. 75, 9, p. 1404-1414 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1996

Measuring the responses of macroinvertebrate communities to water pollution: A comparison of multivariate approaches, biotic and diversity indices

Cao, Y., Bark, A. W. & Williams, W. P., Jan 1 1996, In : Hydrobiologia. 341, 1, p. 1-19 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle