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Research Output 1993 2019

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Article
2019

A radar-based study of severe hail outbreaks over the contiguous United States for 2000–2011

Schlie, E. E. J., Wuebbles, D. J., Stevens, S., Trapp, R. & Jewett, B., Jan 2019, In : International Journal of Climatology. 39, 1, p. 278-291 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

hail
radar
NEXRAD

The Dynamical Coupling of Convective Updrafts, Downdrafts, and Cold Pools in Simulated Supercell Thunderstorms

Marion, G. R. & Trapp, R., Jan 27 2019, In : Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres. 124, 2, p. 664-683 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vertical air currents
cold pool
Thunderstorms
supercell
thunderstorms
2018

Convective storm life cycle and environments near the Sierras de Córdoba, Argentina

Mulholland, J. P., Nesbitt, S., Trapp, R., Rasmussen, K. L. & Salio, P. V., Aug 1 2018, In : Monthly Weather Review. 146, 8, p. 2541-2557 17 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

life cycle
radar
convective system
TRMM
wind shear
Open Access
tornado
sea ice
storm track
thunderstorm
atmospheric circulation
2017

Convectively induced stabilizations and subsequent recovery with supercell thunderstorms during the Mesoscale Predictability Experiment (MPEX)

Trapp, R. & Woznickia, J. M., May 1 2017, In : Monthly Weather Review. 145, 5, p. 1739-1754 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

supercell
thunderstorm
stabilization
cold pool
experiment

The impact of climate change on hazardous convective weather in the United States: Insight from high-resolution dynamical downscaling

Hoogewind, K. A., Baldwin, M. E. & Trapp, R., Dec 1 2017, In : Journal of Climate. 30, 24, p. 10081-10100 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

downscaling
weather
climate modeling
climate change
fluid dynamics

The regulation of tornado intensity by updraft width

Trapp, R., Marion, G. R. & Nesbitt, S., Dec 1 2017, In : Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 74, 12, p. 4199-4211 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado
updraft
damage
thunderstorm
regulation
2016

The realization of extreme tornadic storm events under future anthropogenic climate change

Trapp, R. & Hoogewind, K. A., Jan 1 2016, In : Journal of Climate. 29, 14, p. 5251-5265 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

global warming
climate change
simulation
convection
updraft
2015

Mesoscale thermodynamic influences on convection initiation near a surface dryline in a convection-permitting ensemble

Trier, S. B., Romine, G. S., Ahijevych, D. A., Trapp, R., Schumacher, R. S., Coniglio, M. C. & Stensrud, D. J., Jan 1 2015, In : Monthly Weather Review. 143, 9, p. 3726-3753 28 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

thermodynamics
convection
air
buoyancy
moisture

The mesoscale predictability experiment (MPEX)

Weisman, M. L., Trapp, R., Romine, G. S., Davis, C., Torn, R., Baldwin, M., Bosart, L., Brown, J., Coniglio, M., Dowell, D., Clark Evans, A., Galarneau, T. J., Haggerty, J., Hock, T., Manning, K., Roebber, P., Romashkin, P., Schumacher, R., Schwartz, C. S., Sobash, R. & 2 others, Stensrud, D. & Trier, S. B., Dec 2015, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 96, 12, p. 2127-2149 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

experiment
nest
forecast
sensitivity analysis
parameterization
2014

On the significance of multiple consecutive days of tornado activity

Trapp, R., Apr 2014, In : Monthly Weather Review. 142, 4, p. 1452-1459 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado
historical record
2013

Comparison of mobile-radar measurements of tornado intensity with corresponding WSR-88d measurements

Toth, M., Trapp, R., Wurman, J. & Kosiba, K. A., Apr 1 2013, In : Weather and Forecasting. 28, 2, p. 418-426 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado
radar
vortex
damage
weather

Regional characterization of Tornado activity

Trapp, R. & Brooks, H. E., Mar 1 2013, In : Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 52, 3, p. 654-659 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado

Robust increases in severe thunderstorm environments in response to greenhouse forcing

Diffenbaugh, N. S., Scherer, M. & Trapp, R., Oct 8 2013, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 110, 41, p. 16361-16366 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Global Warming
Climate
Tornadoes
Climate Change
Uncertainty

The geospatial and temporal distributions of severe thunderstorms from high-resolution dynamical downscaling

Robinson, E. D., Trapp, R. & Baldwin, M. E., Sep 23 2013, In : Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology. 52, 9, p. 2147-2161 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

downscaling
thunderstorm
temporal distribution
artificial neural network
hail
2012

An object-oriented characterization of extreme precipitation-producing convective systems in the midwestern United States

Hitchens, N. M., Baldwin, M. E. & Trapp, R., Apr 1 2012, In : Monthly Weather Review. 140, 4, p. 1356-1366 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

convective system
summer
attribute
2011

A proposed model-based methodology for feature-specific prediction for high-impact weather

Carley, J. R., Schwedler, B. R. J., Baldwin, M. E., Trapp, R., Kwiatkowski, J., Logsdon, J. & Weiss, S. J., Apr 1 2011, In : Weather and Forecasting. 26, 2, p. 243-249 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

weather
forecasting method
methodology
prediction
method

Regional climate of hazardous convective weather through high-resolution dynamical downscaling

Trapp, R., Robinson, E. D., Baldwin, M. E., Diffenbaugh, N. S. & Schwedler, B. R. J., Aug 1 2011, In : Climate Dynamics. 37, 3, p. 677-688 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

downscaling
regional climate
weather
hail
tornado
2010

Characterizing subdiurnal extreme precipitation in the midwestern United States

Hitchens, N. M., Trapp, R., Baldwin, M. E. & Gluhovsky, A., Feb 1 2010, In : Journal of Hydrometeorology. 11, 1, p. 211-218 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

convective cloud
convective system
gauge
time series
methodology
2009

Suppression of south Asian summer monsoon precipitation in the 21st century

Ashfaq, M., Shi, Y., Tung, W. W., Trapp, R., Gao, X., Pal, J. S. & Diffenbaugh, N. S., Jan 16 2009, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 36, 1, L01704.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

monsoons
twenty first century
summer
monsoon
retarding

Transient response of severe thunderstorm forcing to elevated greenhouse gas concentrations

Trapp, R., Diffenbaugh, N. S. & Gluhovsky, A., Jan 16 2009, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 36, 1, L01703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

thunderstorms
greenhouses
transient response
thunderstorm
greenhouse gas
2008

An analysis of the axisymmetric three-dimensional low level wind field in a tornado using mobile radar observations

Kosiba, K. A., Trapp, R. & Wurman, J., Mar 16 2008, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 35, 5, L05805.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornadoes
radar tracking
tornado
wind field
radar

Meteorological influence on the occurrence of gastric dilatation-volvulus in military working dogs in Texas

Moore, G. E., Levine, M., Anderson, J. D. & Trapp, R., Jan 1 2008, In : International Journal of Biometeorology. 52, 3, p. 219-222 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gastric Dilatation
Stomach Volvulus
Dogs
atmospheric pressure
Temperature

The effect of mesoscale heterogeneity on the genesis and structure of mesovortices within quasi-linear convective systems

Wheatley, D. M. & Trapp, R., 2008, In : Monthly Weather Review. 136, 11, p. 4220-4241 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

convective system
vortex
outflow
updraft
wind shear

Vortex lines within low-level mesocyclones obtained from pseudo-dual-Doppler radar observations

Markowski, P., Rasmussen, E., Straka, J., Davies-Jones, R., Richardson, Y. & Trapp, R., Sep 1 2008, In : Monthly Weather Review. 136, 9, p. 3513-3535 23 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Doppler radar
vorticity
vortex
supercell
thunderstorm
2007

Changes in severe thunderstorm environment frequency during the 21st century caused by anthropogenically enhanced global radiative forcing

Trapp, R., Diffenbaugh, N. S., Brooks, H. E., Baldwin, M. E., Robinson, E. D. & Pal, J. S., Dec 11 2007, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 104, 50, p. 19719-19723 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

twenty first century
radiative forcing
thunderstorm
climate modeling
hail

Telescoping, multimodel approaches to evaluate extreme convective weather under future climates

Trapp, R., Halvorson, B. A. & Diffenbaugh, N. S., Oct 27 2007, In : Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres. 112, 20, D20109.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

weather
climate
tornadoes
Climate models
Tornadoes

What causes mammatus?

Schultz, D. M., Kanak, K. M., Straka, J. M., Trapp, R., Gordon, B., Zrnic, D., Bryan, G. H., Durant, A., Garrett, T. J., Klein, P. & Lilly, D. K., Feb 1 2007, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 88, 2, p. 146-147 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

cumulonimbus
formation mechanism
modeling
simulation
experiment
2006

Buyer beware: Some words of caution on the use of severe wind reports in postevent assessment and research

Trapp, R., Wheatley, D. M., Atkins, N. T., Przybylinski, R. W. & Wolf, R., Jun 1 2006, In : Weather and Forecasting. 21, 3, p. 408-415 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

damage
thunderstorm
vortex
experiment

Papers of note: Words of caution on the use of severe wind reports

Trapp, R., Atkins, N. T., Przybylinski, R. W. & Wolf, R., Aug 2006, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 87, 8, p. 1019-1020 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

convective system
damage
thunderstorm
data quality
comparison

Radar and damage analysis of severe bow echoes observed during BAMEX

Wheatley, D. M., Trapp, R. J. & Atkins, N. T., Mar 1 2006, In : Monthly Weather Review. 134, 3, p. 791-806 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

radar
damage
convective system
surface wind
analysis
2005

A reassessment of the percentage of tornadic mesocyclones

Trapp, R., Stumpf, G. J. & Manross, K. L., Aug 1 2005, In : Weather and Forecasting. 20, 4, p. 680-687 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado
radar
weather
detection
surveillance

Damaging surface wind mechanisms within the 10 June 2003 Saint Louis bow echo during BAMEX

Atkins, N. T., Bouchard, C. S., Przybylinski, R. W., Trapp, R. & Schmocker, G., Aug 1 2005, In : Monthly Weather Review. 133, 8, p. 2275-2296 22 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

surface wind
vortex
damage
radar
inflow

Fine-scale processes regulate the response of extreme events to global climate change

Diffenbaugh, N. S., Pal, J. S., Trapp, R. & Giorgi, F., Nov 1 2005, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 102, 44, p. 15774-15778 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Snow
Rain
Climate Change
Climate
Economics

Tornadoes from squall lines and bow echoes. Part I: Climatological distribution

Trapp, R., Tessendorf, S. A., Godfrey, E. S. & Brooks, H. E., Feb 1 2005, In : Weather and Forecasting. 20, 1, p. 23-34 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

squall line
tornado
convective system
distribution
rainband

Vortices may initiate bow echo wind damage

Atkins, N. T., Bouchard, C. S., Przybylinski, R. W., Trapp, R. & Schmocker, G., Nov 1 2005, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 86, 11, p. 1545-1546 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vortex
damage
convective system
surface wind
experiment
2004

The bow echo and MCV experiment: Observations and opportunities

Davis, C. A., Atkins, N., Bartels, D., Bosart, L., Coniglio, M., Bryan, G., Cotton, W., Dowell, D., Jewett, B., Johns, R., Jorgensen, D., Knievel, J., Knupp, K., Lee, W. C., McFarquhar, G. M., Moore, J., Przybylinski, R., Rauber, R. M., Smull, B., Trapp, R. & 4 others, Trier, S., Wakimoto, R., Weisman, M. & Ziegler, C., Aug 1 2004, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 85, 8, p. 1075-1093 19 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

experiment
geographical region
surface wind
vortex
convection
2003

Low-level mesovortices within squall lines and bow echoes. Part I: Overview and dependence on environmental shear

Weisman, M. L. & Trapp, R., Nov 1 2003, In : Monthly Weather Review. 131, 11, p. 2779-2803 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

squall line
vortex
convective system
supercell
tornado

Low-level mesovortices within squall lines and bow echoes. Part II: Their genesis and implications

Trapp, R. & Weisman, M. L., Nov 1 2003, In : Monthly Weather Review. 131, 11, p. 2804-2823 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

squall line
convective system
vortex
wind shear
surface wind

Nonclassical cold-frontal structure caused by dry subcloud air in Northern Utah during the Intermountain Precipitation Experiment (IPEX)

Schultz, D. M. & Trapp, R., Oct 1 2003, In : Monthly Weather Review. 131, 10, p. 2222-2246 25 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

air
cold front
experiment
temperature
radar
2002

Initial balloon soundings of the electric field in winter nimbostratus clouds in the USA

Rust, W. D. & Trapp, R., Oct 15 2002, In : Geophysical Research Letters. 29, 20, p. 20-21 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

nimbostratus clouds
balloon sounding
winter
electric field
electric fields

Understanding Utah winter storms: The Intermountain precipitation experiment

Schultz, D. M., Steenburgh, W. J., Trapp, R., Horel, J., Kingsmill, D. E., Dunn, L. B., Rust, W. D., Cheng, L., Bansemer, A., Cox, J., Daugherty, J., Jorgensen, D. P., Meitín, J., Showell, L., Smull, B. F., Tarp, K. & Trainor, M., Jan 1 2002, In : Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. 83, 2

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

winter
prediction
experiment
topography
weather
2001

Multiscale structure and evolution of an Oklahoma winter precipitation event

Trapp, R., Schultz, D. M., Ryzhkov, A. V. & Holle, R. L., Jan 1 2001, In : Monthly Weather Review. 129, 3, p. 486-501 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

snow accumulation
reflectivity
thunderstorm
winter
frontogenesis
2000

A clarification of vortex breakdown and tornadogenesis

Trapp, R., Mar 2000, In : Monthly Weather Review. 128, 3, p. 888-895 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vortex
vorticity
pressure gradient

Radar data objective analysis

Trapp, R. & Doswell, C. A., Feb 2000, In : Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. 17, 2, p. 105-120 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Radar
radar
Meteorological radar
Convolution
smoothing
1999

Descending and nondescending tornadic vortex signatures detected by WSR-88Ds

Trapp, R., Mitchell, E. D., Tipton, G. A., Effertz, D. W., Watson, A. I., Andra, D. L. & Magsig, M. A., Oct 1999, In : Weather and Forecasting. 14, 5, p. 625-639 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vortex
tornado
squall line
supercell
convective system

Observations of nontornadic low-level mesocyclones and attendant tornadogenesis failure during VORTEX

Trapp, R., Jul 1 1999, In : Monthly Weather Review. 127, 7, p. 1693-1710 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

tornado
experiment

On the objective analysis of weather radar data

Trapp, R. & Doswell, C. A., 1999, In : Conference on Radar Meteorology. p. 248-251 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Meteorological radar
Radar
radar
weather
Testing
1997

Tornadogenesis with and without a dynamic pipe effect

Trapp, R. & Davies-Jones, R., Jan 1 1997, In : Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences. 54, 1, p. 113-133 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

vortex
pipe
angular momentum
tornado
buoyancy