Robert A Sanford

  • Research Associate Professor, Geology
1988 …2019
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Personal profile

Research Interests

I focus on the Microbial Ecology of biogeochemical processes, particularly those that occur in the subsurface. Of particular interest are studies involving respiratory anaerobic microorganisms, such as those that reduce halogenated compounds and metals, in both natural and human impacted ecosystems. Recent projects have involved deep subsurface microbial activity in the Illinois Basin Mt. Simon formation; microbial community composition in the Mahomet aquifer (major drinking water source for Champaign); bioremediation of chlorinated solvents in low permeability zones; evaluation of sulfate reducing microbial growth in microfluidic devices; and detailed evaluation of the N-cycle in agricultural soils and tropical soils relative to greenhouse gas (nitrous oxide) formation.

Teaching

  • GEOL 561: Geomicrobiology and Geochemistry (Spring)
  • Fall Geomicrobiology Topics Seminar (Climate Change, Bioremediation, etc.)

Education

  • PhD. Microbiology, Michigan State University 1996
  • MS. Microbiology, Colorado State University
  • BA. Biology, Whitman College

Office Address

2026 Natural History Bldg.

Office Phone

+1.217.244.7250

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Anaeromyxobacter dehalogenans Agriculture & Biology
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dechlorination Earth & Environmental Sciences
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Bacteria Medicine & Life Sciences
electrons Agriculture & Biology
Denitrification Medicine & Life Sciences
Nitrates Medicine & Life Sciences

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Research Output 1988 2019

Ciprofloxacin
Escherichia coli
antibiotic resistance
Microfluidics
experiment

A modified Monod rate law for predicting variable S isotope fractionation as a function of sulfate reduction rate

Giannetta, M. G., Sanford, R. A. & Druhan, J., Aug 1 2019, In : Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta. 258, p. 174-194 21 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fractionation
Isotopes
Sulfates
fractionation
isotope

Comparing DNA, RNA and protein levels for measuring microbial dynamics in soil microcosms amended with nitrogen fertilizer

Orellana, L. H., Hatt, J. K., Iyer, R., Chourey, K., Hettich, R. L., Spain, J. C., Yang, W. H., Chee-Sanford, J. C., Sanford, R. A., Löffler, F. E. & Konstantinidis, K. T., Dec 1 2019, In : Scientific reports. 9, 1, 17630.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Nitrification
Fertilizers
Nitrogen
Soil
RNA

Consumption of N2O and other n-cycle intermediates by gemmatimonas aurantiaca strain T-27

Chee-Sanford, J., Tian, D. & Sanford, R., Jan 1 2019, In : Microbiology (United Kingdom). 165, 12, p. 1345-1354 10 p., 000847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nitrites
Nitrates
Atmosphere
Minerals
Carbon

Contributions of biotic and abiotic pathways to anaerobic trichloroethene transformation in low permeability source zones

Berns, E. C., Sanford, R. A., Valocchi, A. J., Strathmann, T. J., Schaefer, C. E. & Werth, C. J., Jul 2019, In : Journal of Contaminant Hydrology. 224, 103480.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trichloroethylene
trichloroethylene
permeability
Acetylene
acetylene