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Research Interests

Monica Fabiani's research interests are in the cognitive neuroscience of human memory and aging, as well as in the development of tools for the non-invasive mapping of human brain function. As is typical of the cognitive neuroscience approach, her research involves the integration of data from different domains, including behavioral responses, neuropsychological tests, and brain anatomy and function (event-related brain potentials, or ERPs; structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI; and optical imaging, including near infrared spectroscopy, or NIRS, and a new technique developed by Gabriele Gratton (CNS Group) and Fabiani, the event-related optical signals, or EROS).

Fabiani's current research encompasses several interconnected lines: (1) Research on the neurophysiological and psychological bases of sensory and working memory in normal aging , with particular reference to frontal lobe/executive function and individual differences among younger and older adults; (2) an extension of this research to the effects of alcohol on executive function ; (3) research on the development of a new non-invasive optical brain imaging method (the event-related optical signal * EROS) and its integration with currently existing methods; and (4) research on the application of optical methods (EROS and near-infrared spectroscopy * NIRS) to issues of aging research, with emphasis on neurovascular coupling.

Education/Academic qualification

Biological Psychology / Cognitive Neuroscience, Ph.D., University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, Illinois

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Research Output 1984 2019

Assessment of cerebrovascular development and intraventricular hemorrhages in preterm infants with optical measures of the brain arterial pulse wave

Chiarelli, A. M., Mahmoudzadeh, M., Low, K. A., Maclin, E. L., Kongolo, G., Goudjil, S., Fabiani, M., Wallois, F. & Gratton, G., Mar 1 2019, In : Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. 39, 3, p. 466-480 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Premature Infants

Electrophysiological correlates of racial in-group bias in observing nonverbal social encounters

Katsumi, Y., Dolcos, F., Moore, M., Bartholow, B. D., Fabiani, M. & Dolcos, S., Jan 1 2019, In : Journal of cognitive neuroscience. 32, 1, p. 167-186 20 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Choice Behavior

Examining the role of feedback in TMS-induced visual suppression: A cautionary tale

Center, E. G., Knight, R., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G. & Beck, D. M., Oct 2019, In : Consciousness and Cognition. 75, 102805.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Evoked Potentials
Surveys and Questionnaires

Large-area MRI-compatible epidermal electronic interfaces for prosthetic control and cognitive monitoring

Tian, L., Zimmerman, B., Akhtar, A., Yu, K. J., Moore, M., Wu, J., Larsen, R. J., Lee, J. W., Li, J., Liu, Y., Metzger, B., Qu, S., Guo, X., Mathewson, K. E., Fan, J. A., Cornman, J., Fatina, M., Xie, Z., Ma, Y., Zhang, J. & 9 others, Zhang, Y., Dolcos, F., Fabiani, M., Gratton, G., Bretl, T., Hargrove, L. J., Braun, P. V., Huang, Y. & Rogers, J. A., Mar 1 2019, In : Nature biomedical engineering. 3, 3, p. 194-205 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Magnetic resonance imaging
Equipment and Supplies

Optical measures of cerebral arterial stiffness are associated with white matter signal abnormalities and cognitive performance in normal aging

Tan, C. H., Low, K. A., Chiarelli, A. M., Fletcher, M. A., Navarra, R., Burzynska, A. Z., Kong, T. S., Zimmerman, B., Maclin, E. L., Sutton, B. P., Gratton, G. & Fabiani, M., Dec 2019, In : Neurobiology of Aging. 84, p. 200-207 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vascular Stiffness
White Matter

Honors & Recognition